The effect of epibatidine on spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release in the mouse and guinea pig isolated vas deferens
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2009
2007 British Pharmacological Society
British Journal of Pharmacology
Volume 150, Issue 7, pages 906–912, April 2007
How to Cite
Williams, D. J., Brain, K. L. and Cunnane, T. C. (2007), The effect of epibatidine on spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release in the mouse and guinea pig isolated vas deferens. British Journal of Pharmacology, 150: 906–912. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0707183
- Issue published online: 29 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2009
- (Received July 19, 2006, Revised January 8, 2007, Accepted January 12, 2007)
- intracellular recording;
- guinea pig;
- vas deferens;
Background and purpose:
Nicotinic agonists increase sympathetic field-stimulus-evoked contraction of the rodent vas deferens, presumably by increasing evoked neurotransmitter release. This presumption was tested in two species.
The effect of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist epibatidine on neurotransmitter release in mouse and guinea pig isolated vas deferens was investigated using contraction studies and conventional intracellular recording techniques.
In 12 of 14 mouse vasa deferentia, slow bath application of epibatidine (100 nM) had no significant effect on excitatory junction potential (EJP) amplitude and spontaneous EJP (SEJP) frequency. However, rapid application of epibatidine to the mouse vas deferens caused an increase in SEJP frequency (by 530%), with no effect on EJP amplitude. Despite the absence of an effect on EJPs, electrically-evoked contractions of the mouse vas deferens were significantly increased in the presence of epibatidine (by 50%). A transient contraction was reliably induced by a higher epibatidine concentration (1 μM). This contraction was significantly reduced in the presence of prazosin, tetrodotoxin, or α,β-methyleneATP. Epibatidine did not induce a contraction in the presence of a combination of prazosin, α,β-methyleneATP and cyclopentolate. In guinea pig vasa deferentia, bath-applied epibatidine potentiated EJP amplitude in a biphasic pattern, lasting for at least 30 minutes.
Conclusion and implications:
The nAChR-mediated augmentation of neurogenic contraction is indeed prejunctional, but in the mouse arises from an increase in spontaneous neurotransmitter release that primes smooth muscle for subsequent contraction, while in the guinea pig there is a direct augmentation of evoked neurotransmitter (ATP) release.
British Journal of Pharmacology (2007) 150, 906–912. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707183