Tyrosine phosphorylation controls Runx2-mediated subnuclear targeting of YAP to repress transcription



Src/Yes tyrosine kinase signaling contributes to the regulation of bone homeostasis and inhibits osteoblast activity. Here we show that the endogenous Yes-associated protein (YAP), a mediator of Src/Yes signaling, interacts with the native Runx2 protein, an osteoblast-related transcription factor, and suppresses Runx2 transcriptional activity in a dose-dependent manner. Runx2, through its PY motif, recruits YAP to subnuclear domains in situ and to the osteocalcin (OC) gene promoter in vivo. Inhibition of Src/Yes kinase blocks tyrosine phosphorylation of YAP and dissociates endogenous Runx2–YAP complexes. Consequently, recruitment of the YAP co-repressor to subnuclear domains is abrogated and expression of the endogenous OC gene is induced. Our results suggest that Src/Yes signals are integrated through organization of Runx2–YAP transcriptional complexes at subnuclear sites to attenuate skeletal gene expression.