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Keywords:

  • determinant;
  • germline;
  • oocyte;
  • RNA localization;
  • VegT;
  • Vg1;
  • Xcat2;
  • Xenopus

Abstract

Localization of maternal mRNAs in many developing organisms provides the basis for both initial polarity during oogenesis and patterning during embryogenesis. Prominent examples of this phenomenon are found in Xenopus laevis, where localized maternal mRNAs generate developmental polarity along the animal/vegetal axis. Targeting of mRNA molecules to specific subcellular regions is a fundamental mechanism for spatial regulation of gene expression, and considerable progress has been made in defining the underlying molecular pathways.