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Involvement of calpain-I and microRNA34 in kanamycin-induced apoptosis of inner ear cells

Authors

  • Li Yu,

    1. Department of Physiology, China Medical University Shen Yang, Liao Ning 110000, Peoples Republic of China
    2. Epithelial Cell Biology Research Center, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
    3. Department of Physiology, Liao Ning Medical University, Jin Zhou, Liao Ning 121001, Peoples Republic of China
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  • Hao Tang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Physiology, China Medical University Shen Yang, Liao Ning 110000, Peoples Republic of China
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  • Xiao Hua Jiang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Epithelial Cell Biology Research Center, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
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  • Lai Ling Tsang,

    1. Epithelial Cell Biology Research Center, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
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  • Yiu Wa Chung,

    1. Epithelial Cell Biology Research Center, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
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  • Hsiao Chang Chan

    1. Epithelial Cell Biology Research Center, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
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  • Part of a series marking the 70th birthday of the Cell Biology International Editor-in-Chief Denys Wheatley

To whom correspondence should be addressed (email xjiang@cuhk.edu.hk or tanghaocn2003@yahoo.com.cn).

Abstract

Inner ear cells, including hair cells, spiral ganglion cells, stria vascularis cells and supporting cells on the basilar membrane, play a major role in transducing hearing signals and regulating inner ear homoeostasis. However, their functions are often damaged by antibiotic-induced ototoxicity. Apoptosis is probably involved in inner ear cell injury following aminoglycoside treatment. Calpain, a calcium-dependent protease, is essential for mediating and promoting cell death. We have therefore investigated the involvement of calpain in the molecular mechanism underlying ototoxicity induced by the antibiotic kanamycin in mice. Kanamycin (750 mg/kg) mainly induced cell death of cochlear cells, including stria vascularis cells, supporting cells and spiral ganglion cells, but not hair cells within the organ of Corti. Cell death due to apoptosis occurred in a time-dependent manner with concomitant up-regulation of calpain expression. Furthermore, the expression levels of two microRNAs, mir34a and mir34c, were altered in a dose-dependent manner in cochlear cells. These novel findings demonstrated the involvement of both calpain and microRNAs in antibiotic-induced ototoxicity.

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