Adhesion molecules expressed on the uterine endometrium are potential receptive markers in embryo implantation. RL95-2 and HEC-1A cell lines represent the high- and low-receptive endometrial epithelium respectively. LeY (Lewis Y) is a difucosylated oligosaccharide highly expressed in the endometrium of some species during implantation. α1, 3 fucosylation of LeY is catalysed by FUT4 (fucosyltransferase IV), the key synthesis enzyme for LeY. We investigated whether the difference in receptivity between the 2 cell lines was related to different expressions of LeY and FUT4. RL95-2 cells expressed a higher level of LeY and FUT4 than HEC-1A cells, as shown by immunofluorescent staining, RT—PCR (reverse transcription—PCR) or Western blotting. FUT4-siRNA (small interfering RNA) transfection down-regulated FUT4 and LeY in RL95-2 cells, and inhibited the adhesion of the embryonic cells (JAR) to RL95-2 cell monolayer. FUT4-cDNA, however, increased the expression of FUT4 and LeY in HEC-1A cells, and increased the adhesion of embryonic cells to HEC-1A cell monolayer. Alterations of LeY level by up- or down-regulation of FUT4 also mediated EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor)/MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) signalling pathway. To conclude, the expression of LeY and FUT4 correlates with endometrial receptivity, making them potential new markers for the evaluation of endometrial receptivity.