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Keywords:

  • cytokine;
  • inflammation;
  • invasion;
  • NF-κB;
  • signal transduction

Abstract

Decursin and related coumarin compounds in herbal extracts have a number of biological activities against inflammation, angiogenesis and cancer. We have analysed a derivative of decursin (CSL-32) for activity against inflammatory activation of cancer cells, such as migration, invasion and expression of pro-inflammatory mediators. The human fibrosarcoma cell line, HT1080, was treated with TNFα (tumour necrosis factor α) in the presence or absence of CSL-32. The cellular responses and modification of signalling adapters were analysed with respect to the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, as also migration, adhesion and invasion. Treatment of HT1080 cells with CSL-32 inhibited their proliferation, without affecting cell viability, and TNFα-induced expression of pro-inflammatory mediators, such as MMP-9 (matrix metalloproteinase-9) and IL-8 (interleukin-8). CSL-32 also suppressed phosphorylation and degradation of IκB (inhibitory κB), phosphorylation of p65 subunit of NF-κB (nuclear factor-κB) and nuclear translocation of NF-κB, which are required for the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators. In addition, CSL-32 inhibited invasion and migration of HT1080 cells, as also cellular adhesion to fibronectin, an ECM (extracellular matrix) protein. CSL-32 treatment resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) activity, required for the cellular migration. The analyses show that CSL-32 inhibits processes associated with inflammation, such as the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, as well as adhesion, migration and invasion in HT1080 cells.