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Keywords:

  • bioactivity;
  • epidermal growth factor (EGF);
  • extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2);
  • 4-(4-fluorophenyl)amino-5,6,7-trimethoxyquinazoline;
  • PC-3

Abstract

In order to create novel, potent and selective anti-cancer agents, the action of 4-(4-fluorophenyl)amino-5,6,7-trimethoxyquinazoline (compound 1018) on 10 different kinds of tumour cells were assayed by MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide]. It possesses a broad spectrum of anti-cancer activity. The mechanism of action of 4-(4-fluorophenyl)amino-5,6,7-trimethoxyquinazoline (hereafter referred to as compound 1018) against tumour cells was studied in androgen-independent prostate cancer PC-3 cells by microscopic observation, LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) release assay and Western blotting. Its activity was dose-dependent, with an IC50 of 13.0±1.4 μM after 72 h treatment. Microscopy and LDH release assay indicated that the effect was through anti-proliferation rather than cytotoxicity. Western blot analysis also showed that treatment of cells with 50 μM compound 1018 for 30 min almost completely inhibited EGF (epidermal growth factor)-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2), which suggests that its anti-proliferative effect is largely associated due to ERK1/2 activation being inhibited. Thus compound 1018 is a potential anti-cancer agent.