Author's note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 1998 Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society (International), New Brunswick, NJ. For helpful comments I thank Erik Gartzke, Douglas Lemke, Patrick James, and the anonymous reviewers. Of course, all errors are my own. For research assistance I thank Melis Söǧüttekin.
The Nexus of Market Society, Liberal Preferences, and Democratic Peace: Interdisciplinary Theory and Evidence
Article first published online: 7 NOV 2003
International Studies Quarterly
Volume 47, Issue 4, pages 483–510, December 2003
How to Cite
Mousseau, M. (2003), The Nexus of Market Society, Liberal Preferences, and Democratic Peace: Interdisciplinary Theory and Evidence. International Studies Quarterly, 47: 483–510. doi: 10.1046/j.0020-8833.2003.00276.x
- Issue published online: 7 NOV 2003
- Article first published online: 7 NOV 2003
Drawing on literature from Anthropology, Economics, Political Science and Sociology, an interdisciplinary theory is presented that links the rise of contractual forms of exchange within a society with the proliferation of liberal values, democratic legitimacy, and peace among democratic nations. The theory accommodates old facts and yields a large number of new and testable ones, including the fact that the peace among democracies is limited to market-oriented states, and that market democracies—but not the other democracies—perceive common interests. Previous research confirms the first hypothesis; examination herein of UN roll call votes confirms the latter: the market democracies agree on global issues. The theory and evidence demonstrate that (a) the peace among democratic states may be a function of common interests derived from common economic structure; (b) all of the empirical research into the democratic peace is underspecified, as no study has considered an interaction of democracy with economic structure; (c) interests can be treated endogenously in social research; and (d) several of the premier puzzles in global politics are causally related—including the peace among democracies and the association of democratic stability and liberal political culture with market-oriented economic development.