SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aide, T.M. & Cavelier, J. (1994) Barriers to lowland tropical forest restoration in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Restoration Ecology, 2, 219229.
  • Aide, T.M., Zimmerman, J.K., Herrera, L., Rosario, M. & Serrano, M. (1995) Forest recovery in abandoned tropical pasture in Puerto Rico. Forest Ecology and Management, 77, 7786.
  • Berkowitz, A.R., Canham, C.D. & Kelley, V.R. (1995) Competition vs. facilitation of tree seedling growth and survival in early successional communities. Ecology, 76, 11561168.
  • Callaway, R.M. & Davis, F.W. (1998) Recruitment of Quercus agrifolia in central California: the importance of shrub-dominated patches. Journal of Vegetation Science, 9, 647656.
  • Callaway, R.M. & Walker, L.R. (1997) Competition and facilitation: a synthetic approach to interactions in plant communities. Ecology, 78, 19581965.
  • Cardoso da Silva, J.M., Uhl, C. & Murray, G. (1996) Plant succession, landscape management, and the ecology of frugivorous birds in abandoned Amazonian pastures. Conservation Biology, 10, 491503.
  • Chazdon, R.L. & Fetcher, N. (1984) Photosynthetic light environments in a lowland tropical rain forest in Costa Rica. Journal of Ecology, 72, 553564.
  • Connell, J.H. & Slatyer, R.O. (1977) Mechanisms of succession in natural communities and their role in community stability and organization. American Naturalist, 111, 11191141.
  • De Steven, D. (1991) Experiments on mechanisms of tree establishment in old-field succession: seedling survival and growth. Ecology, 72, 10761088.
  • De Steven, D. (1994) Tropical tree seedling dynamics: recruitment patterns and their population consequences for three canopy species in Panama. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 10, 369383.
  • Dixon, P.M. (1993) The bootstrap and the jackknife: describing the precision of ecological indices. Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments (eds S. M.Scheiner & J.Gurevitch), pp. 290318. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  • Duncan, R.S. & Chapman, C.A. (1999) Seed dispersal and potential forest succession in abandoned agriculture in tropical Africa. Ecological Applications, 9, 9981008.
  • Ellison, A.M., Denslow, J.S., Loiselle, B.A., Brenés, M. & D. (1993) Seed and seedling ecology of neotropical Melastomataceae. Ecology, 74, 17331749.
  • Von Ende, C.N. (1993) Repeated-measures analysis: growth and other time-dependent measures. Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments (eds S. M.Scheiner & J.Gurevitch), pp. 113137. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  • Everham, E.M. III, Myster, R.W. & VanDeGenachte, E. (1996) Effects of light, moisture, temperature, and litter on the regeneration of five tree species in the tropical montane wet forest of Puerto Rico. American Journal of Botany, 83, 10631068.
  • Foster, R.B. (1982) The seasonal rhythm of fruitfall on Barro Colorado Island. The Ecology of a Tropical Forest: Seasonal Rhythms and Long-Term Changes (eds E. G.Leigh, A. S.RandJr & D. M.Windsor), pp. 151172. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
  • Garwood, N.C. (1989) Tropical soil seed banks: a review. Ecology of Soil Seed Banks (eds M. A.Leck, V. T.Parker & R. L.Simpson), pp. 149208. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • González Montagut, R. (1996) Establishment of three rain forest species along the riparian corridor-pasture gradient in Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. PhD thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
  • Hammond, D.S. (1995) Post-dispersal seed and seedling mortality of tropical dry forest trees after shifting agriculture, Chiapas, Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 11, 295313.
  • Hardwick, K., Healey, J., Elliot, S., Garwood, N. & Anusarnsunthorn, V. (1997) Understanding and assisting natural regeneration processes in degraded seasonal evergreen forests in northern Thailand. Forest Ecology and Management, 99, 203214.
  • Holl, K.D. (1998) Effects of above- and below-ground competition of shrubs and grass on Calophyllum brasiliense (Camb.) seedling growth in abandoned tropical pasture. Forest Ecology and Management, 109, 187195.
  • Holl, K.D. (1999) Factors limiting tropical rain forest regeneration in abandoned pasture: seed rain, seed germination, microclimate, and soil. Biotropica, 31, 229242.
  • Holl, K.D., Loik, M.E., Lin, E.H.V. & Samuels, I.A. (2000) Tropical forest restoration in abandoned pastures in Costa Rica: obstacles and opportunities. Restoration Ecology, 8, 339349.
  • Hutchings, M.J. (1997) The structure of plant populations. Plant Ecology (ed. M. J.Crawley), pp. 475531. Blackwell Science, Oxford.
  • Kobe, R.K. (1999) Light gradient partitioning among tropical tree species through differential seedling mortality and growth. Ecology, 80, 187201.
  • Loik, M.E. & Holl, K.D. (2001) Photosynthetic response of tree seedling in grass and under shrubs in early-successional tropical old fields, Costa Rica. Oecologia, 127, 4050.
  • McDonnell, M.J. & Stiles, E.W. (1983) The structural complexity of old field vegetation and the recruitment of bird-dispersed plant species. Oecologia, 56, 109116.
  • Metcalfe, D.J. & Grubb, P.J. (1995) Seed mass and light requirements for regeneration in Southeast Asian rain forest. Canadian Journal of Botany, 73, 817826.
  • Myster, R.W. (1993) Tree invasion and establishment in old fields at Hutcheson memorial forest. Botanical Review, 59, 251272.
  • Myster, R.W. & Pickett, S.T.A. (1993) Effects of litter, distance, density and vegetation patch type on postdispersal tree seed predation in old fields. Oikos, 66, 381388.
  • Nepstad, D.C., Uhl, C., Pereira, C.A. & Cardoso da Silva, J.M. (1996) A comparative study of tree establishment in abandoned pasture and mature forest of eastern Amazonia. Oikos, 76, 2539.
  • Osunkoya, O.O. (1994) Postdispersal survivorship of north Queensland rainforest seeds and fruits: effects of forest, habitat and species. Australian Journal of Ecology, 19, 5264.
  • Pickett, S.T.A., Collins, S.L. & Armesto, J.J. (1987) Models, mechanisms, and pathways of succession. Botanical Review, 53, 335371.
  • Tinoco-Ojanguren, C. & Pearcy, R.W. (1995) A comparison of light quality and quantity effects on the growth and steady-state and dynamic photosynthetic characteristics of three tropical tree species. Functional Ecology, 9, 222230.
  • Uhl, C., Buschbacher, R. & Serrao, E.A.S. (1988) Abandoned pastures in eastern Amazonia. I. patterns of plant succession. Journal of Ecology, 76, 663681.
  • Vázquez-Yanes, C. & Orozco-Segovia, A. (1993) Patterns of seed longevity and germination in the tropical rainforest. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 24, 6987.
  • Vieira, I.C.G., Uhl, C. & Nepstad, D. (1994) The role of the shrub Cordia multispicata Cham. as a ‘succession facilitator’ in an abandoned pasture, Paragominas, Amazonia. Vegetatio, 115, 9199.
  • Walker, L.R. & Chapin, F.S. III (1987) Interactions among processes controlling successional change. Oikos, 50, 131135.
  • Webb, S.L. & Willson, M.F. (1985) Spatial heterogeneity in post-dispersal predation on Prunus and Uvularia seeds. Oecologia, 67, 150153.
  • Werner, P.A. & Harbeck, A.L. (1982) The pattern of tree seedling establishment relative to staghorn sumac cover in Michigan old fields. American Midland Naturalist, 108, 124132.
  • Zahawi, R.A. & Augspurger, C.K. (1999) Early plant succession in abandoned pastures in Ecuador. Biotropica, 31, 540552.