Climatic control of peat erosion in a North Wales blanket mire
Article first published online: 21 DEC 2001
Volume 152, Issue 2, pages 313–324, November 2001
How to Cite
Ellis, C. J. and Tallis, J. H. (2001), Climatic control of peat erosion in a North Wales blanket mire. New Phytologist, 152: 313–324. doi: 10.1046/j.0028-646X.2001.00259.x
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 21 DEC 2001
- Received: 23 April 2001 Accepted: 17 July 2001
- blanket mire;
- climate change;
- woodland clearance;
- peat humification;
- Racomitrium lanuginosum
- • This study investigates the palaeoecology of a hummock-and-hollow complex from a partially eroded upland blanket mire at the Migneint, north Wales, UK.
- • Three peat cores were collected and analysed for pollen and botanical macrofossils, two for peat humification and a third was radiocarbon-dated. In the interpretation of the palaeoecological record particular attention was paid to the ecology of the moss Racomitrium lanuginosum.
- • We delimit two periods in the development of the hummock-hollow complex: an earlier period of climatically controlled blanket-mire development; and a later period of mire erosion (initiated between c. 2000 and 1350 Cal. year BP) when ‘natural’ climatically controlled mire development was modified by excessive drying of the mire surface.
- • The data support recent studies in suggesting that the development of British blanket mires is sensitive to climate change. However, climatically controlled blanket-mire development appears to have been pre-empted at the Migneint by the development of the erosion-complex, the initiation of which coincides with the zenith of an extensive deforestation during the Late Bronze Age, Iron Age and Romano-British periods.