• Festuca rubra;
  • Agrostis capillaris;
  • perennial grass;
  • nitrogen remobilization;
  • nitrogen translocation;
  • internal cycling;
  • seasonal growth;
  • spring growth


  • • 
    The importance of N derived from internal remobilization and root uptake to growth in spring is reported here for the perennial grasses Festuca rubra and Agrostis capillaris derived from seminatural grasslands in Scotland, UK.
  • • 
    Plants grown in sand culture, received 15N-enriched nutrient solution during the first year of growth and nutrient solution with N at natural abundance during the subsequent spring and summer when destructive harvests were taken.
  • • 
    Labelled N was recovered in new growth of overwintering tillers and new tillers. Remobilized N contributed 70% and 82% for F. rubra and A. capillaris, respectively, to the total N in new above-ground growth in early spring, declining to 34% and 45%, respectively, by mid June. Species showed similar patterns of remobilization on a new growth biomass basis. The root system did not remobilize N to support new above-ground growth. Labelled N was derived from senescing leaves present on overwintering tillers. Net balances of labelled N suggest that N was translocated between tillers; reproductive tillers acted as sinks, vegetative tillers as the source of N.
  • • 
    Initial growth in spring is largely independent of N uptake from the soil, provided that overwintering leaves are present on the plants.