SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abbott LK & Robson AD. 1985. Formation of external hyphae in soil by four species of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 99: 245255.
  • Bago B, Azcón-Aguilar C, Piché Y. 1998. Architecture and developmental dynamics of the external mycelium of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices grown under monoxenic conditions. Mycologia 90: 5262.
  • Bending GD & Read DJ. 1995a. The structure and function of the vegetative mycelium of ectomycorrhizal plants V. Foraging behaviour and translocation of nutrients from exploited litter. New Phytologist 130: 401409.
  • Bending GD & Read DJ. 1995b. The structure and function of the vegetative mycelium of ectomycorrhizal plants VI. Activities of nutrient mobilising enzymes in birch litter colonised by Paxillus involutus (Fr.) Fr. New Phytologist 130: 411417.
  • Correll JC, Klittich CJR, Leslie JF. 1989. Heterokaryon self-incompatibility in Gibberella fujikoroi (Fusarium moniliforme). Mycological Research 93: 2127.
  • Dahlberg A & Stenlid J. 1994. Size, distribution and biomass of genets in populations of Suillus bovinus revealed by somatic incompatibility. New Phytologist 128: 225234.
  • Finlay RD & Read DJ. 1986. The structure and function of the vegetative mycelium of ectomycorrhizal plants. I. Translocation of 14C-labelled carbon between plants interconnected by a common mycelium. New Phytologist 103: 143156.
  • Fortuna P, Citernesi AS, Morini S, Vitagliano C, Giovannetti M. 1996. Influence of arbuscular mycorrhiza and phosphate fertilization on shoot apical growth of micropropagated apple and plum rootstocks. Tree Physiology 16: 757763.
  • Francis R & Read DJ. 1984. Direct transfer of carbon between plants connected by vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal mycelium. Nature 307: 5356.
  • Fries N. 1987. Somatic incompatibility and field distribution of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Suillus luteus (Boletaceae). New Phytologist 107: 735739.
  • Friese CF & Allen MF. 1991. The spread of VA mycorrhizal fungal hyphae in the soil: inoculum types and external hyphal architecture. Mycologia 83: 409418.
  • Giovannetti M, Avio L, Sbrana C, Citernesi AS. 1993a. Factors affecting appressorium development in the vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae (Nicol. & Gerd.) Gerd. & Trappe. New Phytologist 123: 114122.
  • Giovannetti M, Azzolini D, Citernesi AS. 1999. Anastomosis formation and nuclear and protoplasmic exchange in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65: 55715575.
  • Giovannetti M & Mosse B. 1980. An evaluation of techniques for measuring vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in roots. New Phytologist 84: 489500.
  • Giovannetti M, Sbrana C, Avio L, Citernesi AS, Logi C. 1993b. Differential hyphal morphogenesis in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi during preinfection stages. New Phytologist 125: 587593.
  • Hamel C, Fyles H, Smith DL. 1990. Measurement of development of endomycorrhizal mycelium using three different vital stains. New Phytologist 115: 297302.
  • Hyakumuchi M & Hui T. 1987. Non-self-anastomosing isolates of Rhizoctonia solani obtained from fields of sugarbeet monoculture. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 89: 5559.
  • Jakobsen I, Abbott LK, Robson AD. 1992. External hyphae of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Trifolium subterraneum L. 1. Spread of hyphae and phosphorus inflow into roots. New Phytologist 120: 371380.
  • Jakobsen I & Rosendhal L. 1990. Carbon flow into soil and external hyphae from roots of mycorrhizal cucumber plants. New Phytologist 115: 7783.
  • Jones MD, Durall DM, Tinker PB. 1998. A comparison of arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal Eucalyptus coccifera: growth response, phosphorus uptake efficiency and external hyphal production. New Phytologist 140: 125134.
  • Logi C, Sbrana C, Giovannetti M. 1998. Cellular events involved in survival of individual arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis growing in the absence of the host. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64: 34733479.
  • MacDonald RM & Lewis M. 1980. The occurrence of some acid phosphatases and dehydrogenases in the vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae. New Phytologist 80: 135141.
  • Molina R, Massicotte H, Trappe J. 1992. Specificity phenomena in mycorrhizal symbioses: community-ecological consequences and practical implications. In: AllenMF, ed. Mycorrhizal functioning: an integrative plant-fungal progress. New York, USA: Chapman & Hall, 357432.
  • Mosse B. 1959. The regular germination of resting spores and some observations on the growth requirements of an Endogone sp. causing vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhiza. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 42: 273286.
  • Perez-Moreno J & Read DJ. 2000. Mobilization and transfer of nutrients from litter to tree seedlings via the vegetative mycelium of ectomycorrhizal plants. New Phytologist 145: 301309.
  • Perry DA, Amaranthus MP, Borchers JG, Borchers SL, Brainerd RE. 1989. Bootstrapping in ecosystems. Bioscience 39: 230237.
  • Phillips JM & Hayman DS. 1970. Improved procedure for clearing roots and staining parasites and vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 55: 158161.
  • Read DJ. 1997. The ties that bind. Nature 388: 517518.
  • Saito M, Stribley DP, Hepper CM. 1993. Succinate dehydrogenase activity of external and internal hyphae of a vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus mosseae (Nicol. & Gerd.) Gerdemann & Trappe, during mycorrhizal colonization of roots of leek (Allium porrum L.), as revealed by in situ histochemical staining. Mycorrhiza 4: 5962.
  • Sanders FE & Tinker PB. 1973. Phosphate flow into mycorrhizal roots. Pesticide Science 4: 385395.
  • Schubert A, Marzachì C, Mazzitelli M, Cravero MC, Bonfante-Fasolo P. 1987. Development of total and viable extraradical mycelium in the vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus clarum Nicol. & Schenck. New Phytologist 107: 183190.
  • Sen R, Hietala AM, Zelmer CD. 1999. Common anastomosis and internal transcribed spacer RFLP groupings in binucleate Rhizoctonia isolates representing root endophytes of Pinus sylvestris, Ceratorhiza spp. from orchid mycorrhizas and a phytopathogenic anastomosis group. New Phytologist 144: 331341.
  • Simard SW, Perry DA, Jones MD, Myrold DD, Durall DM, Molina R. 1997. Net transfer of carbon between ectomycorrhizal tree species in the field. Nature 388: 579582.
  • Smith SE & Read DJ. 1997. Mycorrhizal symbiosis. London, UK: Academic Press.
  • Sylvia DM. 1988. Activity of external hyphae of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20: 3943.
  • Tisdall PB & Oades JM. 1979. Stabilization of soil aggregates by the root segments of ryegrass. Australian Journal of Soil Research 17: 429441.
  • Tommerup IC. 1988. The vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizas. Advances in Plant Pathology 6: 8191.