Over the past decade or so, there has been significant progress towards elucidating the molecular events occurring during pollination in flowering plants. This process involves a series of complex cellular interactions that culminates in the fusion between male and female gametes. The process also regulates crucial events such as pollen adhesion, hydration, pollen tube growth and guidance to the ovules. Additionally, in many instances, incompatibility mechanisms that control the acceptance or rejection of pollen alighting on a recipient plant play a major role in the pollination process. In this article we aim to review our current understanding of the components that are implicated in enabling the pollen to deliver the male gametes to the ovary and the molecular mechanisms by which they are thought to act.