SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allefs SJHM, Van Dooijeweert W, De Jong ER, Prummel W, Hoogendoorn C, 1995. The role of the seed tuber in determining partial resistance to potato blackleg caused by Erwinia spp. European Journal of Plant Pathology 45, 386496.
  • Artschwager E, 1920. Pathological anatomy of potato blackleg. Journal of Agricultural Research 20, 32530.
  • Bain RA, Pérombelon MCM, Tsror L, Nachmias A, 1990. Blackleg development and tuber yield in relation to numbers of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica on seed potatoes. Plant Pathology 39, 12533.
  • Baker CJ, Mock N, Atkinson MM, Hutcheson SW, 1990. Inhibition of the hypersensitive response in tobacco by pectate lyase digests of cell wall and of polygalacturonic acid. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology. 37, 15567.
  • Barras F, Van Gijsegem F, Chatterjee AK, 1994. Extracellular enzymes and pathogenesis of soft-rot Erwinia. Annual Review of Phytopathology 32, 20134.
  • Bauer WD, Bogdanov A, Beer S, Collmer A, 1994. Erwinia chrysanthemi hrp genes and their involvement in soft rot pathogenesis and elicitation of the hypersensitive response. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 7, 57381.
  • Beaulieu C, Boccara M, Van Gijsegem F, 1993. Pathogenic behaviour of pectinase-defective Erwinia chrysanthemi mutants on different plants. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 6, 197202.
  • Beaulieu C, Van Gijsegem F, 1990. Identification of plant-inducible genes in Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937. Journal of Bacteriology 172, 156975.
  • Billing E, 1987. Bacteria as Plant Pathogens. Wokingham, UK: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
  • Boccara M, Chatain V, 1989. Regulation and role in pathogenicity of Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937 of pectin methyl-esterase. Journal of Bacteriology 171, 40857.
  • Boccara M, Diolez A, Rouve M, Koutoujanski A, 1988. The role of the individual pectate lyases of Erwinia chrysanthemi strain 3937 in pathogenicity on Saintpaulia plants. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 33, 95104.
  • Bossier P, Hofte M, Verstraete W, 1988. Ecological significance of siderophores in soil. Advances in Microbial Ecology 10, 385414.
  • Burton WG, Wigginton MJ, 1970. The effect of a film of water upon the oxygen status of a potato tuber. Potato Research 13, 15086.
  • Collmer A, 1998. Determinants of pathogenicity and virulence in plant pathogenic bacteria. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 1, 32935.
  • Collmer A, Keen NT, 1986. The role of pectic enzymes in plant pathogenesis. Annual Review of Phytopathology 24, 383409.
  • Cooper RM, 1983. The mechanisms and significance of enzyme degradation of host cell walls by parasites. In: Callow, JA, ed. Biochemical Plant Pathology. New York: John Wiley, 10135.
  • Coplin DL, Frederick RD, Majerczak DR, Tuttle LD, 1992. Characterization of a gene cluster that specifies pathogenicity in Erwinia stewartii. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 5, 818.
  • De Flaun MF, Tanzer AS, McAteer AL, Marshall B, Levy SB, 1990. Development of an adhesion assay and characterization of an adhesion-deficient mutant of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 56, 1129.
  • Dean R, Kuc J, 1987. Rapid lignification in response to wounding and infection as a mechanism for induced systemic protection in cucumber. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 31, 6981.
  • Dellagi A, Brisset M-N, Paulin J-P, Expert D, 1998. Dual role of desferrioxamine in Erwinia amylovora pathogenicity. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 11, 73442.
  • Dong Y-H, Xu J-L, Li X-Z, Zhang L-H, 2000. AiiA, an enzyme that inactivates the acylhomoserine lactone quorum-sensing signal and attenuates the virulence of Erwinia carotovora. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 97, 352631.
  • Duarté X, Anderson CT, Grimson M, Barabote RD, Strauss RE, Gollahon LS, San Francisco MJD, 2000. Erwinia chrysanthemi strains cause death of human gastrointestinal cells in culture and express an intimin-like protein. FEMS Microbiology Letters 190, 816.
  • El Hassouni M, Chambost JP, Expert D, Van Gijsegem F, Barras F, 1999. The minimal gene set member msrA, encoding peptide methionine sulfoxide reductase, is a virulence determinant of the plant pathogen Erwinia chrysanthemi. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96, 88792.
  • Elphinstone JG, Wiersema SG, 1988. Interaction between potato tuber moth infestation and storage diseases of potato in rustic, diffuse-light seed stores in the mid-elevation tropics in Peru. In: Wiersema, SG, ed. Proceedings of a Workshop on Potato Post Harvest Technology, Kunming, China, June 25–26 1983. Lima, Peru: International Potato Center, 10714.
  • Enard C, Diolez A, Expert D, 1988. Systemic virulence of Erwinia chrysanthemi 3987 requires a functional iron assimilation system. Journal of Bacteriology 170, 241926.
  • Grimault V, Vian B, Perino C, Reis D, Bertheau Y, 1997. Degradation patterns of pectic substrates related to the localisation of bacterial pectate lyases in the model Erwinia chrysanthemi/Saintpaulia ionantha. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 51, 4562.
  • Hall JA, Wood RKS, 1970. Plant cells killed by soft rot parasites. Nature, Lond. 227, 12667.
  • Ham JH, Bauer DW, Fouts DE, Collmer A, 1998. A cloned Erwinia chrysanthemi Hrp (type III protein secretion) system functions in Escherichia coli to deliver Pseudomonas syringae Avr signals to plant cells secrete Avr proteins in culture 1998. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 95, 1020611.
  • Hauben L, Moore ERB, Vauterin L, Steenackers M, Mergaert J, Verdonck L, Swings J, 1998. Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Systematic Applied Microbiology 21, 38497.
  • Helias V, Andrivon D, Jouan B, 2000. Internal colonization pathways of potato plants by Erwinia carotovora ssp. atroseptica. Plant Pathology 49, 3342.
  • Hellmers E, Dowson WJ, 1953. Further investigations of potato blackleg. Acta Agriculture Scandinavica 111, 10312.
  • Hinton JCD, Sidebotham JM, Gill DR, Salmond GPC, 1989. Extracellular and periplasmic isoenzymes of pectate lyase from Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora belong to different gene families. Molecular Microbiology 3, 178595.
  • Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat N, Condemine G, Nasser W, Reverchon S, 1996. Regulation of pectolysis in Erwinia chrysanthemi. Annual Review of Microbiology 50, 21357.
  • Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat N, Dominguez H, Robert-Baudouy J, 1992. Environmental conditions affect transcription of the pectinase genes of Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937. Journal of Bacteriology 174, 780718.
  • Ishimaru CA, Loper JE, 1992. High-affinity iron uptake systems present in Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora include the hydroxamate siderophore aerobactin. Journal of Bacteriology 174, 29933003.
  • Jafra S, Figura I, Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat N, Lojkowska E, 1999. Expression of the Erwinia chrysanthemi pectinase genes pelI, pelL and pelZ during infection of potato tubers. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 12, 84551.
  • Jones SYuB, Bainton NJ, Birdsall M, Bycroft BW, Chhabra SR, Cox AJR, Golby P, Reeves PJ, Stephens S, Winson MK, Salmond GPC, Stewart GSAB, Williams P, 1993. The lux autoinducer regulates the production of exoenzyme virulence determinants in Erwinia carotovora and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. EMBO Journal 12, 247782.
  • Kikumoto T, 1980. Ecological aspects of the soft-rot erwinias. Report of the Institute for Agricultural Research, Tohoku University 31, 1941.
  • Kloepper JW, 1983. Effect of seed piece inoculation with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on populations of Erwinia carotovora on potato roots and in daughter tubers. Phytopathology 73, 2179.
  • Kotoujansky A, 1987. Molecular genetics of pathogenesis by soft-rot erwinias. Annual Review of Phytopathology 25, 40530.
  • Lanham P, McIlravey K, Pérombelon MCM, 1991. Production of cell wall-degrading enzymes by Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica in vitro at 27°C and 30. 5°C. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 70, 204.
  • Lapwood DH, 1957. Studies in the physiology of parasitism. XXIII. On the parasitic vigour of certain bacteria in relation to their capacity to secrete pectolytic enzymes. Annals of Botany, Lond., N.S. 21, 16784.
  • Leach JE, White FF, 1997. Avirulence genes. In: StaceyG, KeenNT, eds. Plant–Microbe Interactions, Vol. II. New York, USA: Chapman & Hall, 61151.
  • Liao C-H, 1989. Analysis of pectate lyases produced by soft rot bacteria associated with spoilage of vegetables. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 55, 167783.
  • Lindgren PB, 1997. The role of hrp genes during plant– bacterial interactions. Annual Review of Phytopathology 35, 12952.
  • Lopez-Solanilla E, Llama-Palacios A, Collmer A, Garcia-Olmedo F, Rodriguez-Palenzuela P, 2001. Relative effects on virulence of mutations in sap, pel, and hrp loci of Erwinia chrysanthemi. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 14, 38693.
  • Lumb VM, Pérombelon MCM, Zutra D, 1986. Studies of a wilt disease of the potato plant in Israel caused by Erwinia chrysanthemi. Plant Pathology 35, 196202.
  • Lund BM, 1979. Bacterial soft rot of potatoes. In: LovelockDW, DaviesR, eds. Plant Pathogens. Society of Applied Bacteriology Technological Series 12. London, UK: Academic Press, 1449.
  • Lyon GD, 1989. The biochemical basis of resistance of potatoes to soft rot Erwinia spp; a review. Plant Pathology 38, 204.
  • Maher EA, Kelman A, 1983. Oxygen status of potato tuber tissue in relation to maceration by pectic enzymes of Erwinia carotovora. Phytopathology 73, 5369.
  • Maher EA, Kelman A, 1984. Influence of wounding and time in storage on susceptibility of Russet Burbank potatoes to Erwinia carotovora (EC) (abstract). Phytopathology 74, 880.
  • Masclaux C, Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat N, Expert D, 1996. Iron is a triggering factor for differential expression of Erwinia chrysanthemi strain 3937 pectate lyases in pathogenesis of African violets. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 9, 198205.
  • Mazzucchi U, Bazzi C, Pupillo P, 1979. The inhibition of susceptible and hypersensitive reactions by protein-lipopolysaccharide complexes from phytopathogenic pseudomonads: relationship to polysaccharide antigenic determinants. Physiological Plant Pathology 14, 1930.
  • McGuire RG, Kelman A, 1984. Reduced severity of Erwinia soft rot in potato tubers with increased calcium content. Phytopathology 74, 12506.
  • McMillan GP, Hedley D, Fyffe L, Pérombelon MCM, 1993. Potato resistance is related to cell wall pectin esterification. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 42, 27989.
  • Meighen EA, Dunlap PV, 1993. Physiological, biochemical and genetic control of bacterial bioluminescence. Advances in Microbial Physiology. 34, 167.
  • Molina JJ, Harrison MD, 1980. The role of Erwinia carotovora in the epidemiology of potato blackleg. II. The effect of soil temperature on pathogen activity. American Potato Journal 57, 35163.
  • Mukherjee A, Cui Y, Liu Y, Chatterjee AK, 1997. Molecular characterization and expression of the Erwinia carotovora hrpNECC gene, which encodes an elicitor of the hypersensitive reaction. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 10, 46271.
  • Mukherjee A, Cui Y, Liu Y, Dumenyo CK, Chatterjee AK, 1996. Global regulation in Erwinia species by Erwinia carotovora rsmA, a homologue of Escherichia coli csrA: repression of secondary metabolites, pathogenicity and hypersensitive reaction. Microbiology 142, 42734.
  • Mulholland V, Hinton JCD, Sidebotham J, Toth IK, Hyman LJ, Pérombelon MCM, Reeves PJ, Salmond GPC, 1993. A pleiotropic reduced virulence (Rvi-) mutant of Erwinia carotovora subspecies atroseptica is defective in flagella assembly proteins that are conserved in plant and animal bacterial pathogens. Molecular Microbiology 9, 34356.
  • Nachin L, Barras F, 2000. External pH: an environmental signal that helps to rationalize pel gene duplication in Erwinia chrysanthemi. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 13, 8826.
  • Newman M-A, Von Roepenack E, Daniels M, Dow M, 2000. Lipopolysaccharides and plant responses to phytopathogenic bacteria. Molecular Plant Pathology 1, 2531.
  • Payne SM, 1993. Iron acquisition in microbial pathogenesis. Trends in Microbiology 1, 669.
  • Payne JH, Schoedel C, Keen NT, Collmer A, 1987. Multiplication and virulence in plant tissues of Escherichia coli clones producing pectate lyases iso-enzymes PLb and PLe at high levels and of an Erwinia chrysanthemi mutant deficient in PLe. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 53, 231520.
  • Pérombelon MCM, 1982. The impaired host and soft rot bacteria. In: Lacy, GN, Mount, MS, eds. Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes, Vol. II. New York: Academic Press, 5669.
  • Pérombelon MCM, 1992. Potato blackleg: epidemiology, host–pathogen interaction and control. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology 98(Suppl. 2), 13546.
  • Pérombelon MCM, Gullings-Handley J, Kelman A, 1979. Population dynamics of Erwinia carotovora and pectolytic clostridia in relation to decay of potatoes. Phytopathology 69, 16773.
  • Pérombelon MCM, Kelman A, 1980. Ecology of the soft rot erwinias. Annual Review of Phytopathology 18, 36187.
  • Pérombelon MCM, Kelman A, 1987. Blackleg and other potato diseases caused by soft rot erwinias: a proposal for a revision of the terminology. Plant Disease 71, 2835.
  • Pérombelon MCM, Lowe R, 1975. Studies on the initiation of bacterial soft rot in potato tubers. Potato Research 18, 6482.
  • Pérombelon MCM, Lumb VM, Zutra D, 1987. Pathogenicity of soft rot erwinias to potato plants in Scotland and Israel. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 63, 7384.
  • Pérombelon MCM, Lumb VM, Zutra D, Hyman LJ, Burnett EM, 1989. Factors affecting potato blackleg development. In: Tjamos, EC, Beckman, CH, eds. Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on ‘the Interaction of Genetic and Environmental Factors in the Development of Vascular Wilt Diseases of Plants’ 1988, Cape Sounion, Greece. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 42131.
  • Pérombelon MCM, Salmond GPC, 1995. Bacterial soft rots. In: Singh, US, Singh, RP, Kohmoto, K, eds. Pathogenesis and Host Specificity in Plant Diseases, Vol. I. Oxford, UK: Pergamon, 120.
  • Persmark MD, Expert D, Neilands JB, 1989. Isolation, characterization, and synthesis of chrysobactin, a compound with siderophore activity from Erwinia chrysanthemi. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264, 318793.
  • Pierson LS III, Wood DW, Pierson EA, 1998. Homoserine lactone-mediated gene regulation in plant-associated bacteria. Annual Review of Phytopathology 36, 20725.
  • Pirhonen M, Flego D, Heikinheimo R, Palva ET, 1993. A small diffusible signal molecule is responsible for the global control of virulence and exoenzyme production in the plant pathogen Erwinia carotovora. EMBO Journal 12, 246776.
  • Powelson M, 1980. Seasonal incidence and causes of blackleg and a stem rot of potatoes in Oregon. American Potato Journal 57, 3016.
  • Preston GM, Bernhard H, Rainey PB, 1998. Bacterial genomics and adaptation to life on plants: implications for the evolution of pathogenicity and symbiosis. Current Opinion in Microbiology 1, 58997.
  • Rahme LG, Stevens EJ, Wolfort SF, Schao J, Tompkins RG, Ausubel FM, 1995. Common virulence factors for bacterial pathogenicity in plants and animals. Science 268, 1899902.
  • Salmond GPC, 1994. Secretion of extracellular virulence factors by plant pathogenic bacteria. Annual Review of Phytopathology 32, 181200.
  • Schoonejans E, Expert D, Toussaint A, 1987. Characterization and virulence properties of Erwinia chrysanthemi lipopolysaccharide-defective, φEC2-resistant mutants. Journal of Bacteriology 169, 40117.
  • Sequeira L, 1983. Mechanisms of induced resistance in plants. Annual Review of Microbiology 37, 5179.
  • Simpson AJG, et al., 2000. The genome sequence of the plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa. Nature 406, 1517.
  • Stanghellini ME, 1982. Soft rotting bacteria in the rhizosphere. In: Mount, MS, Lacy, GH, eds. Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes, Vol. I. New York, USA: Academic Press, 24061.
  • Swift S, Throup JP, Williams P, Salmond GPC, Stewart GSAB, 1996. Quorum sensing: a population-density component in the determination of bacterial phenotype. Trends in Biochemical Science 21, 2149.
  • Thomson N, Evert RF, Kelman A, 1995. Wound healing in whole tubers: a cytochemical, fluorescence, and ultrastructural analysis of cut and bruise wounds. Canadian Journal of Botany 73, 143650.
  • Toth IK, Thorpe CJ, Bentley SD, Mulholland V, Hyman LJ, Pérombelon MCM, Salmond GPC, 1999. Mutation in a gene required for lipopolysaccharide and enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis affects virulence in the plant pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 12, 499507.
  • Tribe HT, 1955. Studies in the physiology of parasitism. XIX. On the killing of plant cells by enzymes from Botrytis cinerea and Bacterium aroideae. Annals of Applied Biology N.S. 19, 35168.
  • Wallace A, Pérombelon MCM, 1992. Haemagglutinins and fimbriae of soft rot Erwinias. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 73, 1149.
  • Wallace A, Pérombelon MCM, 1993. Role of haemagglutinins in adhesion of Erwinia carotovora to potato tissue. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 74, 6039.
  • Weber J, 1990. Erwinia– a review of recent research. In: MacKerronDKL, EdmondHD, HallD, KirkmanMA, LangRW, MackayGR, McRaeDC, OxleySJP, eds. Proceedings of the 11th Triennial Conference of the EAPR: Lead Papers of Symposia 1990, Edinburgh, Scotland. Oxford: Potato Marketing Board, 1128.
  • Yang Z, Cramer CL, Lacy GH, 1992. Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora pectic enzymes: in planta gene activation and roles in soft-rot pathogenesis. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 5, 10412.
  • Young JM, Takikawa Y, Gardan L, Stead DE, 1992. Changing concepts in the taxonomy of plant pathogenic bacteria. Annual Review of Phytopathology 30, 67 105.
  • Zucker M, Hankin L, 1970. Regulation of pectate lyase synthesis in Pseudomonas fluorescens and Erwinia carotovora. Journal of Bacteriology 104, 138.