SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ackerly, D.D. & Bazzaz, F.A. (1995) Seedling crown orientation and interception of diffuse radiation in tropical forest gaps. Ecology 76, 11341146.
  • Anderson, M.C. (1964) Studies of the woodland light climate I. The photographic computation of light conditions. Journal of Ecology 52, 2741.
  • Chazdon, R.L. (1985) Leaf display, canopy structure, and light interception of two understory palm species. American Journal of Botany 72, 14931502.
  • Chazdon, R.L. (1986) The cost of leaf support in understory palms: economy versus safety. American Naturalist 127, 930.
  • Kohyama, T. (1987) Significance of architecture and allometry in saplings. Functional Ecology 1, 399404.
  • Kohyama, T. & Hotta, M. (1990) Significance of allometry in tropical saplings. Functional Ecology 4, 515521.
  • Moon, P. & Spencer, D.E. (1942) Illumination from a non-uniform sky. Illumination Engineering 37, 707726.
  • Muraoka, H., Takenaka, A., Tang, Y., Koizumi, H., Washitani, I. (1998) Flexible leaf orientations of Arisaema heterophyllum maximize light capture in a forest understorey and avoid excess irradiance at a deforested site. Annals of Botany 82, 297307.
  • Niinemets, Ü. (1996) Plant growth-form alters the relationship between foliar morphology and species shade-tolerance ranking in temperate woody taxa. Vegetatio 124, 145153.
  • Niklas, K.J. (1988) The role of phyllotactic pattern as a ‘developmental constraint’ on the interception of light by leaf surfaces. Evolution 42, 116.
  • Niklas, K.J. (1994) Plant Allometry. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
  • Okuda, T., Kachi, N., Yap, S.K., Manokaran, N. (1997) Tree distribution pattern and fate of juveniles in a lowland tropical rain forest – implications for regeneration and maintenance of species diversity. Plant Ecology 131, 155171.
  • Pearcy, R.W. & Yang, W. (1998) The functional morphology of light capture and carbon gain in the Redwood forest understorey plant Adenocaulon bicolor Hook. Functional Ecology 12, 543552.
  • Takahashi, K. & Kohyama, T. (1997) Crown architecture of two understory palm species of the genus Licuala in a tropical rain forest. Plant Species Biology 12, 3541.
  • Takenaka, A. (1994) Effects of leaf blade narrowness and petiole length on the light capture efficiency of a shoot. Ecological Research 9, 109114.
  • Takenaka, A., Inui, Y., Oawa, A. (1998) Measurement of 3D structure of plants with a simple device and estimation of light capture of individual leaves. Functional Ecology 12, 159165.
  • Warren Wilson, J. (1981) Analysis of light interception by single plants. Annals of Botany 48, 501505.
  • Whitmore, T.C. (1985) Palms of Malaya 3rd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Yamada, T. & Suzuki, E. (1996) Ontogenic change in leaf shape and crown form of a tropical Bornean tree, Scaphium macropodum. Journal of Plant Research 109, 211217.