Korean mothers’ psychosocial adjustment to their children's cancer

Authors


Hae-Ra Han, School of Nursing, The Johns Hopkins University, 525 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205-2110, USA.
E-mail: hhan@son.jhmi.edu

Abstract

Background.  During the course of adjustment to their child's illness and medical treatment, parents of children with cancer may experience numerous challenges and difficulties. Although parental adjustment has been a research topic for many years, little research has been conducted among families in different cultures and countries.

Aim.  To identify factors that influence maternal psychosocial adjustment to childhood cancer using a new cultural group: Korean.

Methods.  A sample of 200 Korean mothers of children with cancer was included in the study. Guided by the double ABCX model of family adjustment and adaptation, a series of variables (i.e. maternal stress, coping, social support and selected illness-related and demographic questions) were examined for their relationships with maternal psychosocial adjustment to childhood cancer.

Results.  Using a hierarchical multiple regression, we found perceived level of stress, coping, social support, and time since diagnosis to be significant correlates of maternal psychosocial adjustment. Stress accounted for most (50%) of the total variance explained (56%) in maternal adjustment.

Conclusion.  The results suggest that the stress-coping framework may be appropriate in explaining maternal responses to childhood cancer across cultures.

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