• 1
    Drossman DA, Li Z, Andruzzi E, et al. U.S. householder survey of functional gastrointestinal disorders. Prevalence, sociodemography, and health impact. Dig Dis Sci 1993; 38: 156980.
  • 2
    Drossman DA. The functional gastrointestinal disorders and the Rome II process. Gut 1999 2000 pp 351432; 45(Suppl. 2): II1–II5.
  • 3
    Thompson WG, Longstreth G, Drossman DA, et al. Functional bowel disorders and Functional abdominal pain. In: Drossman DA ed. Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. Mac Lean VA: Degnon Associates, 2000: 351432.
  • 4
    Thompson WG. The irritable bowel syndrome. A strategy for the family physician. Can Fam Med 1993; 39.
  • 5
    Delvaux M, Denis Ph, Allemand H, T He French Club of Digestive Motility. Sexual abuse is more frequently reported by IBS patients than by patients with organic digestive diseases or controls. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1997; 9: 34552.
  • 6
    Delvaux M, Frexinos JA European approach to irritable bowel syndrome management. Can J Gastroenterol 1999; 13: 85A88A.
  • 7
    Klein KB. Controlled treatment trials in the irritable bowel syndrome: a critique. Gastroenterology 1988; 95: 23241.
  • 8
    Jackson JL, O'Malley PG, Tomkins G, Balden E, Santoro J, Kroenke K. Treatment of functional gastrointestinal disorders with antidepressant medications: a meta-analysis. Am J Med 2000; 108: 6572.
  • 9
    Guthrie E, Creed F, Dawson D, Tomenson B. A randomised controlled trial of psychotherapy in patients with refractory irritable bowel syndrome. Br J Psychiat 1993; 163: 31521.
  • 10
    Harvey RF, Salih SY, Read AE. Organic and functional disorders in 2000 gastroenterology outpatients. Lancet 1983; i: 6324.
  • 11
    Ferguson A, Sircus W, Eastwood MA. Frequency of functional gastrointestinal disorders. Lancet 1977; ii: 61314.
  • 12
    Fielding JF. A year in out-patients with the irritable bowel syndrome. Irish J Med Sci 1977; 146: 1625.
  • 13
    Heaton KW, O'Donnell LJD, Braddon FEM, et al. Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in a British urban community: consulters and non-consulters. Gastroenterology 1992; 102: 19627.
  • 14
    Agreus L, Svardsudd K, Nyren O, Tibblin G. Irritable bowel syndrome and dyspepsia in the general population: overlap and lack of stability over time. Gastroenterology 1995; 109: 67180.
  • 15
    Massarrat S, Saberi-Firoozi M, Soleimani A, Himmelmann GW, Hitzges M, Keshavarz H. Peptic ulcer disease, irritable bowel syndrome and constipation in two populations in Iran. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1995; 7: 42733.
  • 16
    Drossman DA, McKee DC, Sandler RS, et al. Psychosocial factors in the irritable bowel syndrome. A multivariate study of patients and nonpatients with irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 1988; 95: 7018.
  • 17
    Dorval ED, Delvaux M, Allemand H, Allouche S, Van Egroo LD, LePen C. Profil et évolution du syndrôme de l'intestin irritable: étude épidémiologique nationale prospective chez 1301 consultants en gastro-entérologie suivis 9 mois. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 1994; 18: 14550.
  • 18
    Wells NE, Hahn BA, Whorwell PJ. Clinical economics review: irritable bowel syndrome. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1997; 11: 101930.
  • 19
    Hahn BA, Yan S, Strassels S. Impact of irritable bowel syndrome on quality of life and resource use in the United States and United Kingdom. Digestion 1999; 60: 7781.
  • 20
    Talley NJ, Gabriel SE, Harmsen WS, Zinsmeister AR, Evans RW. Medical costs in community subjects with irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 1995; 109: 173641.
  • 21
    Müller-Lissner S, Pirk O. Irritable bowel syndrome in Germany. A cost of illness study. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2002; 14: 13259.
  • 22
    Muller-Lissner SA, Bollani S, Brummer RJ, et al. Epidemiological aspects of irritable bowel syndrome in Europe and North America. Digestion 2001; 64: 2004.
  • 23
    Kay L, Jorgensen T, Jensen KH. The epidemiology of irritable bowel syndrome in a random population: prevalence, incidence, natural history and risk factors. J Intern Med 1994; 236: 2330.
  • 24
    Bommelaer G, Rouch M, Dapoigny M, Delasalle P. Epidémiologie des troubles fonctionnels dans une population apparemment saine. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 1986; 10: 712.
  • 25
    Holtmann G, Goebell H, Talley NJ. Dyspepsia in consulters and non-consulters: Prevalence, healthcare seeking behaviour and risk factors. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1994; 6: 91724.
  • 26
    Gaburri M, Bassotti G, Bacci G, et al. Functional gut disorders and health care seeking behavior in an Italian non-patient population. Recenti Prog Med 1989; 80: 2414.
  • 27
    Schlemper RJ, Van Der Werf SD, Vandenbroucke JP, Biemond I, Lamers CB. Peptic ulcer, non-ulcer dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome in The Netherlands and Japan. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl 1993; 200: 3341.
  • 28
    Johnsen R, Jacobsen BK, Forde OH. Associations between symptoms of irritable colon and psychological and social conditions and lifestyle. Br Med J (Clin Res Eds) 1986; 292: 16335.
  • 29
    Mearin F, Badia X, Balboa A, et al. Irritable bowel syndrome prevalence varies enormously depending on the employed diagnostic criteria: comparison of Rome II versus previous criteria in a general population. Scand J Gastroenterol 2001; 36: 115561.
  • 30
    Agreus L, Svardsudd K, Nyren O, Tibblin G. The epidemiology of abdominal symptoms: prevalence and demographic characteristics in a Swedish adult population. A report from the Abdominal Symptoms Study. Scand J Gastroenterol 1994; 29: 1029.
  • 31
    Heaton KW, Ghosh S, Braddon FEM. How bad are the symptoms and bowel dysfunction of patients with the irritable bowel syndrome? A prospective, controlled study with emphasis on stool form. Gut 1991; 32: 739.
  • 32
    Jones R, Lydiard S. Irritable bowel syndrome in the general population. Br Med J 1991; 304: 8790.