Olfactory sensory neurons expressing different members of the mOR37 odourant receptor subfamily send their axons to distinct glomeruli located in the immediate vicinity in the olfactory bulb [Strotmann, J., Conzelmann, S., Beck, A., Feinstein, P., Breer, H. & Mombaerts, P. (2000) J. Neurosci., 20, 6927–6938]. In this study, the potential of transgenic mouse lines was used to explore the onset of receptor expression, the outgrowth of axons as well as the glomerulus formation for two neuron populations expressing different mOR37 subtypes. The data indicate a synchronous time course of these features for both neuron populations. From E15 until the day of birth, the axons of the two mOR37 populations terminate in a common, small area of the presumptive olfactory bulb. During a short postnatal phase, the two axon populations segregate into distinct, protoglomerular structures; some aberrant fibers can still be observed during this period.