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Genetic diversity in Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. investigated by cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers

Authors

  • S. Barth,

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Hohenheim, Institute for Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, Fruwirthstr. 21, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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  • A. E. Melchinger,

    1. University of Hohenheim, Institute for Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, Fruwirthstr. 21, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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  • TH. Lübberstedt

    1. University of Hohenheim, Institute for Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, Fruwirthstr. 21, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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S. Barth. †Present address: Intitute of Plant Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), CH-8092 Zürich, Switzerland. Fax: +41-1-632-1239; E-mail: susanne.barth@ipw.biol-ethz.ch

Abstract

In this study, we investigated genetic diversity among 37 accessions in Arabidopsis thaliana from Eurasia, North Africa and North America using morphological traits and two polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based marker systems: cleaved amplified polymorphic sequences (CAPS) and inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR). Cluster analysis based on genetic similarities calculated from CAPS data grouped the accessions roughly according to their geographical origin: one large group contained accessions from Western, Northern and Southern Europe as well as North Africa, a second group consisted of Eastern European and Asian continental accessions. North American accessions were interspersed into these groups. Contrary to the CAPS analysis, the dendrogram obtained from the ISSR data did not reflect the geographical origin of the accessions, and the calculated genetic distances did not match the CAPS results. This could be attributable to an uneven genomic distribution of ISSR markers as substantiated by a database search for ISSR binding sites in A. thaliana genomic DNA sequence files, or to the ISSR’s different mode of evolution. We recommend CAPS markers for diversity analysis in A. thaliana because a careful selection of markers can ascertain an even representation of the entire genome.

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