When a light pulse of 1 h duration was given 3 h after lights off in a photoperiod of 11 h light : 13 h dark (LD 11 : 13) at 20°C, the phase of the major peak of locomotor activity rhythm in Delia antiqua was delayed for approximately 0.6 h. In contrast, it was advanced by approximately 0.6 h by a light pulse given 9 h after lights off. It is suggested that in the circadian clock, a pulse falling in the early scotophase is taken as a new dusk and a pulse falling in the late scotophase is taken as a new dawn. Although a sharply defined critical photoperiod did not exist in the diapause response to photoperiod in D. antiqua, the percentage of pupal diapause decreased by these pulses in LD 11 : 13 at 20°C. The effect of a 15 min light pulse on both locomotor activity rhythm and pupal diapause induction was stronger at 3 h than at 9 h after lights off, while a 1 min light pulse was ineffective at both times. The parallel effects of light pulse on locomotor activity rhythm and diapause response might be based on the same chronobiological functions.