Use of biomarkers for alcohol use disorders in clinical practice
Article first published online: 14 NOV 2003
Special Issue: Self Report and Biochemical Measures of Alcohol Consumption
Volume 98, Issue Supplement s2, pages 81–91, December 2003
How to Cite
Neumann, T. and Spies, C. (2003), Use of biomarkers for alcohol use disorders in clinical practice. Addiction, 98: 81–91. doi: 10.1046/j.1359-6357.2003.00587.x
- Issue published online: 30 NOV 2009
- Article first published online: 14 NOV 2003
Background Biomedical markers may provide additive objective information in screening and confirmation of acute or recent consumption, intoxication, relapse, heavy drinking, hazardous/harmful use/abuse and dependence and alcohol use related organ dysfunction (alcohol use-related disorders: AUDs).
Aims To review the use of biomarkers in clinical practice to detect AUDs.
Findings About one-fifth of the patients seen in clinical practice have AUDs, which offer a variety of treatment options if diagnosed. The diagnosis of AUDs relies on clinical and alcohol-related history, physical examination, questionnaires and laboratory values. No clinical available laboratory test [e.g. for acute abuse: alcohol in blood or breath; for chronic alcohol abuse: γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT)] is reliable enough on its own to support a diagnosis of alcohol dependence, harmful use or abuse. Sensitivities, specificities and the predictive values may vary considerably according to patient and control group characteristics (e.g. gender, age or related comorbidity). In patient groups with limited cooperation markers may be helpful when considering treatment options.
Conclusions More research is needed to determine the value of markers (single or combined, with questionnaires) in the context of clinical decision-making algorithms in defined settings and with defined dichotomous outcome variables.