Dose–response relationship of lansoprazole to gastric acid antisecretory effects

Authors


Blum The Clinical Pharmacokinetics Laboratory, Millard Fillmore Hospital, 3 Gates Circle, Buffalo, NY 14209, USA.

Abstract

Background:

Proton pump inhibitors have been found to be effective in numerous studies in patients with peptic ulcer disease, particularly associated with Helicobacter pylori and gastro-oesophogeal reflux disorders. Optimal healing rates of antisecretory therapy for peptic acid disease is dependent upon the degree and duration of acid suppression and the length of treatment.

Objective:

To evaluate the extent and duration of gastric acid suppression of several lansoprazole regimens, administered for 5 consecutive days in 32 healthy adult male subjects.

Methods:

Intragastric 24-h pH monitoring was performed in 32 healthy subjects in a randomized, double-blind, four-way crossover study. Sixteen subjects (Group 1) received lansoprazole 30 mg o.d. (once daily), 15 mg b.d. (twice daily), 30 mg b.d. and 30 mg t.d.s. (three times a day) for 5 days; and 16 subjects (Group 2) received lansoprazole 30 mg o.d., 60 mg o.d., 60 mg b.d. and 60 mg t.d.s. for 5 days.

Results:

Mean 24-h intragastric pH values for lansoprazole 30 mg o.d., 15 mg b.d., 30 mg b.d. and 30 mg t.d.s. were 4.47, 4.57, 5.07 and 5.63, respectively. Multiple-dose regimens of lansoprazole 30 mg b.d. and t.d.s. produced greater acid suppression compared to lansoprazole 30 mg o.d. and 15 mg b.d. There was no significant difference in acid suppression between lansoprazole 30 mg o.d. and 15 mg b.d. Mean 24-h intragastric pH values for lansoprazole 30 mg o.d., 60 mg o.d., 60 mg b.d. and 60 mg t.d.s. were 4.13, 4.45, 5.19 and 5.13, respectively. Multiple-dose regimens of lansoprazole 60 mg b.d. and t.d.s. produced significantly greater acid suppression compared to lansoprazole 30 mg o.d. and 60 mg o.d. There was no significant difference in acid suppression between lansoprazole 30 mg o.d. and 60 mg o.d. Lansoprazole 30 mg t.d.s., 60 mg b.d. and 60 mg t.d.s. produced significantly greater percentage time above pH 3, 4, 5 and 6 than did lansoprazole 30 mg o.d. Post-regimen serum gastrin values increased by 50–130% from pre-study mean values but remained within normal range and returned to pre-study values 7–14 days post-dosing.

Conclusions:

Multiple-dose regimens of lansoprazole (≥30 mg b.d. for 5 days) produce significantly increased intragastric pH and significantly longer duration of increased intragastric pH than does lansoprazole 30 mg administered once daily.

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