Rabeprazole is a new member of a class of substituted benzimidazole drugs known as proton pump inhibitors. Comparative trials have demonstrated that it is at least as effective as omeprazole for the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), duodenal ulcers, or gastric ulcers. It is significantly more effective than histamine2-receptor antagonists for acid suppression, GERD healing and pain relief, and duodenal ulcer healing and pain relief. Adverse events reported during clinical trials provide an important indication of a medication’s tolerability. We demonstrate that rabeprazole has a favourable adverse events profile. It is well tolerated in placebo-controlled studies and comparative trials with omeprazole and H2-receptor antagonists. Moreover, no dose adjustments are required for special populations, such as the elderly or patients with renal or mild-to-moderate hepatic disease. Adverse events data from clinical trials support the use of rabeprazole as a treatment for acid-related diseases.