SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ueki S, Seiki M, Yoneta T, et al. Effect of Z-103 on compound 48/80-induced gastric lesions in rats. Scand J Gastroenterol 1989; 162: 202 5.
  • 2
    Matsukura T, Takahashi T, Nishimura Y, Ohtani T, Sawada M, Shibata K. Characterization of crystalline L-carnosine Zn(Ii) complex (Z-103), a novel anti-gastric ulcer agent: tautomeric change of imidazole moiety upon complexation. Chem Pharm Bull 1990; 38: 3140 6.
  • 3
    Arakawa T, Satoh H, Nakamura A, et al. Effects of zinc L-carnosine on gastric mucosal and cell damage caused by ethanol in rats: correlation with endogenous prostaglandin E2. Dig Dis Sci 1990; 35: 559 66.
  • 4
    Cho CH, Luk CT, Ogle CW. The membrane-stabilizing action of zinc carnosine (Z-103) in stress-induced gastric ulceration in rats. Life Sci 1991; 49: PL189 94.
  • 5
    Yoshikawa T, Naito Y, Tanigawa T, et al. Effect of zinc-carnosine chelate compound (Z-103), a novel antioxidant, on acute gastric mucosal injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion in rats. Free Radic Res Commun 1991; 14: 289 96.
  • 6
    Ito M, Shii D, Segami T, Kojima R, Suzuki Y. Preventive actions of N-(3-aminopropionyl)-L-histidinato zinc (Z-103) through increases in the activities of oxygen-derived free radical scavenging enzymes in the gastric mucosa on ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in rats. Jpn J Pharmacol 1992; 59: 267 74.
  • 7
    Morise K, Oka Y, Suzuki T, Kusugami K, Iwase H, Maeda Y. Clinical effect of Z-103 in the treatment of gastric ulcer. Jpn Pharmacol Ther 1992; 20: 235 44.
  • 8
    Ito M, Tanaka T, Suzuki Y. Effect of N-(3-aminopropionyl)-L-histidinato zinc (Z-103) on healing and hydrocortisone-induced relapse of acetic acid ulcers in rats with limited food-intake-time. Jpn J Pharmacol 1990; 52: 513 21.
  • 9
    Yoshikawa T, Naito Y, Tanigawa T, Yoneta T, Kondo M. The antioxidant properties of a novel zinc-carnosine chelate compound, N-(3-aminopropionyl)-L-histidinato zinc. Biochim Biophys Acta 1991; 1115: 15 22.
  • 10
    Granger DN, Hollwarth ME, Parks DA. Ischemia-reperfusion injury: role of oxygen-derived free radicals. Acta Physiol Scand 1986; 548(Suppl.): 47 63.
  • 11
    Mizui T, Sato H, Hirose F, Doteuchi M. Effect of antiperoxidative drugs on gastric damage induced by ethanol in rats. Life Sci 1987; 41: 755 63.
  • 12
    Szelenyi I & Brune K. Possible role of oxygen free radicals in ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in rats. Dig Dis Sci 1988; 33: 865 71.
  • 13
    Wallace JL, Keenan CM, Granger DN. Gastric ulceration induced by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs is a neutrophil-dependent process. Am J Physiol 1990; 259: G462 7.
  • 14
    Vaananenn PM, Meddings JB, Wallace JL. Role of oxygen-derived free radicals in indomethacin-induced gastric injury. Am J Physiol 1991; 261: G470 5.
  • 15
    Blaser MJ. Helicobacter pylori: its role in disease . Clin Infect Dis 1992; 15: 386 91.
  • 16
    Talley NJ. Chronic (nonerosive) gastritis: pathogenesis and management. Dig Dis 1989; 7: 61 75.
  • 17
    Correa P. Chronic gastritis: a clinico-pathological classification. Am J Gastroenterol 1988; 83: 504 9.
  • 18
    Price AB. The Sydney System: histological division. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1991; 6: 209 22.
  • 19
    Weitzman SA & Gordon LI. Inflammation and cancer: role of phagocyte-generated oxidants in carcinogenesis. Blood 1990; 76: 655 63.
  • 20
    Baik SC, Youn HS, Chung MH, et al. Increased oxidative DNA damage in Helicobacter pylori-infected human gastric mucosa. Cancer Res 1996; 56: 1279 82.
  • 21
    Hiraishi H, Terano A, Razandi M, Sugimoto T, Harada T, Ivey KJ. Role of iron and superoxide in mediating hydrogen peroxide injury to cultured rat gastric cells. Gastroenterology 1993; 104: 780 8.
  • 22
    Mutoh H, Hiraishi H, Ota S, et al. Role of oxygen radicals in ethanol-induced damage to cultured gastric mucosal cells. Am J Physiol 1990; 258: G603 9.
  • 23
    Terano A, Mach T, Stachura J, Tarnawski A, Ivey KJ. Effect of 16,16–dimethyl prostaglandin E2 on aspirin induced damage to rat gastric epithelial cells in tissue culture. Gut 1984 25: 19 25.
  • 24
    Terano A, Ivey KJ, Stachura T, et al. Cell culture of rat gastric fundic mucosa. Gastroenterology 1982; 83: 1280 91.
  • 25
    Hiraishi H, Terano A, Ivey KJ. Gastric mucosal cell culture for toxicological study. In: Tyson CA, Frazier JM, eds. Methods in Toxicology. 1A. In Vitro Biological Systems. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 1993: 182–91
  • 26
    McCord JM & Fridovich I. Superoxide dismutase. An enzymatic function for erythrocuprein (hemocuprein). J Biol Chem 1969; 244: 6049 55.
  • 27
    Margoliash E & Frohwirt N. Spectrum of horse-heart cytochrome c. Biochem J 1959; 71: 570 2.
  • 28
    Phull PS, Price AB, Thorniley MS, Green CJ, Jacyna MR. Vitamin E concentrations in the human stomach and duodenum: correlation with Helicobacter pylori infection . Gut 1996; 39: 31 5.
  • 29
    Waring AJ, Drake IM, Schorah CJ, et al. Ascorbic acid and total vitamin C concentrations in plasma, gastric juice, and gastrointestinal mucosa: effects of gastritis and oral supplementation. Gut 1996; 38: 171 6.
  • 30
    Hiraishi H, Terano A, Ota S, Ivey KJ, Sugimoto T. Oxygen metabolite-induced cytotoxicity to cultured rat gastric mucosal cells. Am J Physiol 1987; 253: G40 8.
  • 31
    Nagy L, Szabo S, Morales RE, Plebani M, Jenkins JM. Identification of subcellular targets and sensitive tests of ethanol-induced damage in isolated rat gastric mucosal cells. Gastroenterology 1994; 107: 907 14.
  • 32
    Rokutan K, Teshima S, Nikawa T, Kishi K. Regulation of superoxide anion production by gastric surface epithelial cells in culture. Gastroenterology 1998; 114: A270 (abstract).
  • 33
    Lieber CS. Biochemical and molecular basis of alcohol-induced injury to liver and other tissues. N Engl J Med 1988; 319: 1639 50.
  • 34
    Shimizu M, Lasker JM, Tsutsumi M, Lieber CS. Immunohistochemical localization of ethanol-inducible P450IIE1 in the rat alimentary tract. Gastroenterology1990; 99: 1044 53.
  • 35
    Moreno A & Pares X. Purification and characterization of a new alcohol dehydrogenase from human stomach. J Biol Chem 1991; 266: 1128 33.
  • 36
    Steinbeck MJ, Khan AU, Karnovsky MJ. Extracellular production of singlet oxygen by stimulated macrophages quantified using 9,10–diphenylanthracene and perylene in a polystyrene film. J Biol Chem 1993; 268: 15649 54.
  • 37
    Teshima S, Rokutan K, Nikawa T, Kishi K. Primary cultures of guinea pig gastric surface epithelial cells release abundant superoxide anion through a membrane-bound NADPH-oxidase-like system. Gastroenterology 1998; 114: A308 9(Abstract).
  • 38
    Kohen R, Yamamoto Y, Cundy KC, Ames BN. Antioxidant activity of carnosine, homocarnosine, and anserine present in muscle and brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1988; 85: 3175 9.
  • 39
    Aruoma OI, Laughton MJ, Halliwell B. Carnosine, homocarnosine and anserine: could they act as antioxidants in vivo? Biochem J 1989; 264: 863 9.
  • 40
    Bray TM & Bettger WJ. The physiological role of zinc as an antioxidant. Free Radic Biol Med 1990; 8: 281 91.
  • 41
    Aita H, Yoneta T, Hori Y, et al. Selective binding of Z-103 to the ulcer region in rats with acetic acid-induced gastric ulcers. Therapeutic Res 1992; 13: 2413 22.
  • 42
    Shimada T, Watanabe N, Endoh M, Otsuka Y, Hiraishi H, Terano A. Polaprezinc, a potent anti-ulcer agent, suppresses proinflammatory cytokine-induced NF-κB activation and interleukin-8 expression in gastric epithelial cells. Gastroenterology 1998; 114: A1084(Abstract).