• 1
    Rodriguez S, Miner P, Robinson M, Greenwood B, Maton P, Pappa K. Meal type affects heartburn severity. Dig Dis Sci 1998; 43: 485 90.
  • 2
    Surh YJ & Lee SS. Capsaicin, a double-edged sword: toxicity, metabolism, and chemopreventive potential. Life Sci 1995; 56: 1845 55.DOI: 10.1016/0024-3205(95)00159-4
  • 3
    Gonzalez R, Dunkel R, Koletzko B, Shusdziarra V, Allescher HD. Effect of capsaicin-containing red pepper sauce suspension on upper gastrointestinal motility in healthy volunteers. Dig Dis Sci 1998; 43: 1165 71.
  • 4
    Ghoos YF, Maes BD, Geypens BJ, Hiele MI, Rutgeerts PJ, Vantrappen G. Measurement of gastric emptying rate of solids by means of a carbon labeled octanoic acid breath test. Gastroenterology 1993; 104: 1640 7.
  • 5
    Maes BD, Ghoos YF, Rutgeerts PJ, Hiele MI, Geypens B, Vantrappen G. [*C] octanoic acid breath test to measure gastric emptying rate of solids. Dig Dis Sci 1994; 39: 104 6.
  • 6
    Maes BD, Hiele MI, Geypens BJ, Rutgeerts PJ, Ghoos YF, Vantrappen G. Pharmacological modulation of gastric emptying rate of solids as measured by the carbon labelled octanoic acid breath test: influence of erythromycin and propantheline. Gut 1994; 35: 333 7.
  • 7
    Lee JS, Camilleri M, Zinsmeister A, Burton D, Choi MG, Nair KS. Accurate, simple measurement of gastric emptying by 13C-octanoic acid breath test (OBT) in diabetics . Gastroenterology 1999; 116: A966A966(Abstract).
  • 8
    AOAC. Official method 995.03: Capsaicinoids in capsicums and their extractives. J Assoc Off Anal Chem Int 1996; 79: 738738.
  • 9
    Leite LP, Johnston BT, Barrett J, Castell JA, Castell DO. Ineffective esophageal motility (IEM). The primary findings in patients with nonspecific esophageal motility disorder. Dig Dis Sci 1997; 42: 1859 65.
  • 10
    Bass BL, Trad KS, Harmon JW, Hakki FZ. Capsaicin-sensitive nerves mediate esophageal mucosal protection. Surgery 1991; 110: 419 25.
  • 11
    Mantyh PW & Hunt SP. Hot peppers and pain. Neuron 1998; 21: 644 5.
  • 12
    Teng CH, Kang JY, Wee A, Lee KO. Protective action of capsaicin and chilli on haemorrhagic shock-induced gastric mucosal injury in the rat. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1998; 13: 1007 14.
  • 13
    Kang JY, Teng CH, Chen FC. Effect of capsaicin and cimetidine on the healing of acetic acid induced gastric ulceration in the rat. Gut 1996; 38: 832 6.
  • 14
    Biro T, Acs G, Acs P, Modarres S, Blumberg PM. Recent advances in understanding of vanilloid receptors: a therapeutic target for treatment of pain and inflammation in skin. J Invest Dermatol Symp Proc 1997; 2: 56 60.
  • 15
    Park HJ, Na SK, Lee SI, Kang JK. The effect of red pepper and capsaicin on gastric emptying in human volunteers. Gastroenterology 1998; 115: A379A379(Abstract).
  • 16
    Dessirier JM, O’Mahoney M, Carstens E. Oral irritant effects of nicotine. Psychophysical evidence for decreased sensation following repeated application of and lack of cross-desensitization to capsaicin. Ann NY Acad Sci 1998; 855: 828 30.
  • 17
    Mohammadian P, Anderson OK, Arendt-Nielson L. Correlation between local vascular and sensory changes following tissue inflammation induced by repetitive application of topical capsaicin. Brain Res 1998; 792: 1 9.DOI: 10.1016/s0006-8993(97)01478-9
  • 18
    Richter J. Do we know the cause of reflux disease? Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1999; 1(Suppl.): S3 9.
  • 19
    Becker DJ, Sinclair J, Castell DO, Wu WC. A Comparison of high and low fat meals on postprandial esophageal acid exposure. Am J Gastroenterol 1989; 84: 782 6.
  • 20
    Choi MG, Camilleri M, Burton DD, Zinsmeister AR, Forstrom LA, Nair KS. [13C] octanoic acid breath test for gastric emptying of solids: accuracy, reproducibility, and comparison with scintigraphy . Gastroenterology 1997; 112: 1155 62.
  • 21
    Choi MG, Camilleri M, Burton DD, Zinsmeister AR, Forstrom LA, Nair KS. Reproducibility and simplification of 13C-octanoic acid breath test for gastric emptying of solids . Gastroenterology 1998; 93: 92 8.