CYP2C19 genotype status and intragastric pH during dosing with lansoprazole or rabeprazole
Article first published online: 24 APR 2002
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume 14, Issue 10, pages 1259–1266, October 2000
How to Cite
Adachi, K., Katsube, T., Kawamura, A., Takashima, T., Yuki, M., Amano, K., Ishihara, S., Fukuda, R., Watanabe, M. and Kinoshita, Y. (2000), CYP2C19 genotype status and intragastric pH during dosing with lansoprazole or rabeprazole. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 14: 1259–1266. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2036.2000.00840.x
- Issue published online: 24 APR 2002
- Article first published online: 24 APR 2002
CYP2C19 has an important role in the catabolism of several proton pump inhibitors. However, the relative contribution of CYP2C19-mediated metabolism varies among the different proton pump inhibitors.
To determine the effect of CYP2C19 genotype status on intragastric pH during dosing with lansoprazole or rabeprazole.
Subjects and methods:
The subjects were 20 male volunteers without Helicobacter pylori infection. Their CYP2C19 genotype status was determined by a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Twenty-four-hour monitoring of intragastric acidity was performed three times: once without medication, once on the last day of a 7-day course of rabeprazole, and once on the last day of a 7-day course of lansoprazole.
Subjects were divided into three groups on the basis of their CYP2C19 genotype status: homozygous extensive metabolizers (homo-EMs, n=7), heterozygous extensive metabolizers (hetero-EMs, n=9), and poor metabolizers (PMs, n=4). The median pH during rabeprazole administration was not influenced by CYP2C19 genotype. On the other hand, the median pH in PMs during lansoprazole dosing was higher than in homo-EMs and hetero-EMs. The percentage of time with pH < 4.0 had a similar tendency to that of median pH.
CYP2C19 genotype status influences gastric acid suppression by lansoprazole, but not by rabeprazole.