Dysfunction of oesophageal motility in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients with reflux oesophagitis

Authors


Dr J. C. Y. Wu, Department of Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong. E-mail: justinwu@ekno.com

Abstract

Background:

Helicobacter pylori infection has been suggested to be protective against gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. However, a significant proportion of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease are infected by H. pylori.

Aim:

To study oesophageal motor function in H. pylori-infected patients with reflux oesophagitis.

Methods:

Patients with erosive reflux oesophagitis were recruited prospectively for stationary oesophageal manometry and 24-h ambulatory oesophageal pH monitoring. H. pylori status was determined by biopsy urease test. Non-reflux volunteers were recruited as controls.

Results:

Seventy-four patients with erosive oesophagitis (34 H. pylori-positive, 40 H. pylori-negative) and 48 non-reflux patient controls (22 H. pylori-positive, 26 H. pylori-negative) were recruited. There was no difference in severity of oesophagitis (median grade, 1; P=0.53) or oesophageal acid exposure (total percentage time oesophageal pH < 4, 7.6% vs. 6.8%; P=0.57) between H. pylori-positive and H. pylori-negative groups. Compared to H. pylori-negative patients, H. pylori-positive patients had significantly lower basal lower oesophageal sphincter pressure (12.2 mmHg vs. 15.3 mmHg; P=0.03) and amplitude of distal peristalsis (56.9 mmHg vs. 68.4 mmHg; P=0.03). Ineffective oesophageal motility (14% vs. 7%; P=0.02) and failed oesophageal peristalsis were also significantly more prevalent in H. pylori-positive patients.

Conclusions:

Among patients with a similar degree of reflux oesophagitis, H. pylori-infected patients have more severe oesophageal dysmotility and lower oesophageal sphincter dysfunction. Oesophageal motor dysfunction probably plays a dominant role in the development of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in patients with H. pylori infection.

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