Effects of antacid formulation on postprandial oesophageal acidity in patients with a history of episodic heartburn
Article first published online: 4 MAR 2002
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume 16, Issue 3, pages 435–443, March 2002
How to Cite
Robinson, M. , Rodriguez-Stanley, S. , Miner, P. B. , McGuire, A. J. , Fung, K. and Ciociola, A. A. (2002), Effects of antacid formulation on postprandial oesophageal acidity in patients with a history of episodic heartburn. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 16: 435–443. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2036.2002.01178.x
- Issue published online: 4 MAR 2002
- Article first published online: 4 MAR 2002
Heartburn self-treatment with antacids is extremely common. If the oesophagus is the primary site of antacid action, chewable antacids might raise the oesophageal pH more effectively than swallowable tablets.
To establish a model to assess postprandial acid reflux and to compare the onset and duration of action on oesophageal pH of different antacid formulations.
Twenty subjects with a history of episodic heartburn underwent eight pH monitoring sessions each for 5.5 h postprandially. One hour after consuming a meal consisting of chilli, cheese, raw onions and cola, subjects received 750 mg, 1500 mg and 3000 mg of either chewable or swallowable CaCO3 tablets, an effervescent bicarbonate solution or placebo. Oesophageal and gastric pH data were collected.
Mean intra-oesophageal pH remained lower than baseline for more than 1 h (pH range 5–5.5) postprandially, indicating reflux of somewhat acidic intragastric contents into the oesophagus. The onset of action on oesophageal pH was similar for all antacids (30–35 min). The duration of action on pH varied: chewable tablets and effervescent bicarbonate had relatively long durations of action (oesophagus, 40–45 min; stomach, 100–180 min); swallowable tablets had little effect.
The meal model used in this study dependably produced acidic gastro-oesophageal reflux. Antacids increased oesophageal pH independent of gastric pH, demonstrating that chewing antacids controls oesophageal acidity more effectively than swallowing antacid tablets.