SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Papi C, Ciaco A, Bianchi M, Montanti S, Koch M, Capurso L. Correlation of various Crohn's disease indexes in subgroups of patients with primarily inflammatory or fibrostenosing clinical characteristics. J Clin Gastroenterol 1996; 23: 403.
  • 2
    Sachar DB, Luppescu NE, Bodian C, Shlien RD, Fabry TL, Gumaste VV. Erythrocyte sedimentation as a measure of Crohn's disease activity: opposite trends in ileitis versus colitis. J Clin Gastroenterol 1990; 12: 6436.
  • 3
    Maconi G, Parente F, Bollani S, Cesana B, Bianchi Porro G. Abdominal ultrasound in the assessment of extent and activity of Crohn's disease: clinical significance and implication of bowel wall thickening. Am J Gastroenterol 1996; 91: 16049.
  • 4
    Cellier C, Sahmoud T, Froguel E, et al. Correlations between clinical activity, endoscopic severity, and biological parameters in colonic or ileocolonic Crohn's disease. A prospective multicentre study of 121 cases. The Groupe d'Etudes Therapeutiques des Affections Inflammatoires Digestives. Gut 1994; 35: 2315.
  • 5
    Schwerk WB, Beckh K, Raith M. A prospective evaluation of high resolution sonography in the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel diasease. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1992; 4: 17382.
  • 6
    Papi C, Iscaro D, Salvatori V, Bazuro GE, Koch MM, Capurso L. Sonographic evaluation of Crohn's disease. Ital J Gastroenterol 1989; 21: 25762.
  • 7
    Maconi G, Bollani S, Bianchi Porro G. Ultrasonographic detection of intestinal complications in Crohn's disease. Dig Dis Sci 1996; 41: 16438.
  • 8
    Gasche C, Moser G, Turetschek K, Schober E, Moeschl P, Oberhuber G. Transabdominal bowel sonography for the detection of intestinal complications in Crohn's disease. Gut 1999; 44: 1127.
  • 9
    Hata J, Haruma K, Suenaga K, et al. Ultrasonographic assessment of inflammatory bowel disease. Am J Gastroenterol 1992; 87: 4437.
  • 10
    Parente F, Maconi G, Bollani S, et al. Bowel ultrasound in assessment of Crohn's disease and detection of related small bowel strictures. A prospective comparative study versus x-ray and intraoperative findings. Gut 2002; 50: 4905.
  • 11
    Haber HP, Busch A, Ziebach R, Stern M. Bowel wall thickness measured by ultrasound as a marker of Crohn's disease activity in children. Lancet 2000; 355: 123940.
  • 12
    Kohn A, Cerro P, Milite G, De Angelis E, Prantera C. Prospective evaluation of transabdominal bowel sonography in the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction in Crohn's disease: comparison with plain abdominal film and small bowel enteroclysis. Inflamm Bowel Dis 1999; 5: 1537.
  • 13
    Kimmey MB, Martin RW, Haggitt RC, Wang KY, Franklin DW, Silverstein FE. Histological correlates of gastrointestinal ultrasound images. Gastroenterology 1989; 96: 43341.
  • 14
    Hata J, Haruma K, Yamanaka H, et al. Ultrasonographic evaluation of the bowel wall in inflammatory bowel disease: comparison of in vivo and in vitro studies. Abdom Imaging 1994; 19: 3959.
  • 15
    Best WR, Becktel JM, Singleton JW. Rederived values of the eight coefficients of Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI). Gastroenterology 1979; 77: 8436.
  • 16
    Maconi G, Sampietro GM, Cristaldi M, et al. Preoperative characteristics and postoperative behaviour of bowel wall on risk of recurrence after conservative surgery in Crohn's disease. A prospective study. Ann Surg 2001; 233: 34552.
  • 17
    Fazio VW, Strong SA. The surgical management of Crohn's disease. In: Kirsner, JB, Shorter, RG, eds. Inflammatory Bowel Disease, 4th edn. Baltimore: William & Wilkins, 1995: 83087.
  • 18
    Cristaldi M, Sampietro GM, Danelli P, Bollani S, Bianchi Porro G, Taschieri AM. Long term results and multivariate analysis of prognostic factors in 138 consecutive patients operated on for Crohn's disease using ‘bowel sparing’ techniques. Am J Surg 2000; 179: 26670.
  • 19
    Taschieri AM, Cristaldi M, Elli M, et al. Description of new ‘bowel sparing’ techniques for long strictures of Crohn's disease. Am J Surg 1997; 173: 50912.
  • 20
    Hurst RD, Michelassi F. Strictureplasty for Crohn's disease. Techniques and long term results. World J Surg 1998; 22: 35963.
  • 21
    Fazio VW, Marchetti F, Church JM, et al. Effect of resection margins on the recurrence of Crohn's disease in the small bowel. Ann Surg 1996; 224: 5637.
  • 22
    Prantera C, Berto E, Scribano ML, Falasco G. Use of antibiotics in the treatment of active Crohn's disease: experience with metronidazole and ciprofloxacin. Ital J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1998; 30: 6026.
  • 23
    Parkes M, Jewell DP. Review article: the management of Crohn's disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2001; 15: 56373.
  • 24
    Biancone L, Pallone F. Current treatment modalities in active Crohn's disease. Ital J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1999; 31: 50814.
  • 25
    Crama-Bohbouth G, Pena AS, Biemond I, et al. Are activity indices helpful in assessing active intestinal inflammation in Crohn's disease? Gut 1989; 30: 123640.
  • 26
    Garrett JW, Drossman DA. Health status in inflammatory bowel disease. Biological and behavioral considerations. Gastroenterology 1990; 99: 906.
  • 27
    Geboes KP, Cabooter L, Geboes K. Contribution of morphology for the comprehension of mechanisms of fibrosis in inflammatory enterocolitis. Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2000; 63: 3716.
  • 28
    Kratzer W, Von Tirpitz C, Mason R, et al. Contrast-enhanced power Doppler sonography of the intestinal wall in the differentiation of hypervascularized and hypovascularized intestinal obstructions in patients with Crohn's disease. J Ultrasound Med 2002; 21: 14957.
  • 29
    Quillin SP, Siegel MJ. Gastrointestinal inflammation in children: color Doppler ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med 1994; 13: 7516.
  • 30
    Stavros AT, Rapp CL, Thichman D. Sonography of inflammatory conditions. Ultrasound Q 1995; 13: 126.
  • 31
    Maconi G, Sampietro GM, Bollani S, et al. The vascularity of internal fistulae in Crohn's disease: an in vivo power Doppler ultrasonography assessment. Gut 2002; 50: 496500.
  • 32
    Di Sabatino A, Fulle I, Ciccocioppo R, et al. Doppler enhancement after intravenous Levovist injection in Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2002; 8: 2517.