Perianal hidradenitis suppurativa: early surgical treatment gives good results in chronic or recurrent cases

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Abstract

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) represents a chronic, recurrent, deep-seated folliculitis resulting in abscesses followed by the formation of sinus tracts and scarring. It is an uncommon disorder frequently involving the perianal region. We review the clinical and pathological features of 12 patients (10 men and two women) with perianal HS (PHS). The mean age at presentation was 43 years (range 24–65), and the mean duration of illness was 14 years (range 2–30). Two patients exhibited multiple areas of involvement, including the axilla and the nape of the neck, in addition to the perianal region. Histological examinations showed epidermis-lined sinuses surrounded by dense plasma cell infiltration in four of nine specimens. The complications related with PHS included anal fistula (seven patients), diabetes mellitus (four), malignant tumour (two) and sepsis (one). Three patients died of the complications. Eight patients underwent wide local excision. The defects were managed with a meshed split-thickness skin graft in five patients, and open treatment in the remainder. New lesions developed in untreated skin of two patients. However, no patient relapsed in the surgically treated sites. PHS is frequently complicated with anal fistula and is occasionally life-threatening as a result of the occurrence of malignant tumours or sepsis. Early surgical excision followed by meshed split-thickness skin graft can successfully cure the lesion without functional disturbance.

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