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Keywords:

  • Huriez syndrome;
  • immunohistochemistry;
  • Langerhans cells;
  • squamous cell carcinoma

We report a 60-year-old man with familial scleroatrophic syndrome of Huriez who developed squamous cell carcinomas on the affected skin of the right palm. Immunohistochemical analysis showed a marked reduction in the number of CD1a+, Lag+ and S100+ epidermal Langerhans cells, but not of CD1b+ and factor XIIIa+ dermal dendritic cells, limited to palmoplantar skin. The Langerhans cell depletion was not associated with an abnormal skin content of mRNA for factors involved in Langerhans cell development or recruitment in the epidermis, including granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor, transforming growth factor-β1 and macrophage inflammatory protein-3α. The results indicate that other as yet unknown mechanisms may account for the reduced number of Langerhans cells in the affected skin of such patients.