We report the first case of a scalp pseudomycetoma due to Trichophyton schoenleinii in a 15-year-old girl from Senegal. The lesion was not associated with tinea capitis. Long-term antifungal therapy with itraconazole and terbinafine was unsuccessful but a favourable outcome was obtained after surgical removal of the lesion. Between 1973 and 1999, only 12 previous cases of dermatophyte pseudomycetoma of the scalp were reported in the literature. Clinical features and therapeutic outcomes of these cases are reviewed.