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An evaluation of the usefulness of mycophenolate mofetil in pemphigus

Authors


Dr A.M.Powell. E-mail: amipowell@doctors.org.uk

Abstract

SummaryBackground Pemphigus is a group of autoimmune blistering diseases of the skin and/or mucous membranes requiring management with immunosuppressive therapy. The optimal therapeutic regimen would rapidly induce remission and maintain effectiveness with minimal adverse effects in the long term.

Objectives The present study describes our experience of the addition of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) to prednisolone in the management of severe, refractory pemphigus.

Methods Patients with active, refractory pemphigus were treated with MMF. Our series included 12 cases of pemphigus vulgaris, four cases of pemphigus foliaceous and one case of paraneoplastic pemphigus. All patients were monitored to assess disease control and mycophenolate toxicity.

Results Of the 17 cases, MMF has been of benefit to 12. MMF was well tolerated and there were no treatment withdrawals because of safety concerns.

Conclusions We found that MMF permitted a reduction in prednisolone dosage without disease relapse.

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