• bcl-6 gene;
  • gastric lymphoma;
  • diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

The presence of the bcl-6 gene hypermutation was studied in 40 Hong Kong Chinese patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The primary sites of involvement were nodal in 18 cases and gastric in 22. Hypermutations at the E1.11 segment of bcl-6 gene were detectable in 16/22 (73%) primary gastric and 4/18 (22%) primary nodal lymphoma (P < 0.01). Three of the 22 cases of primary gastric but none of the nodal lymphoma had mutations at E1.12. The proportion of hypermutated cases in the group with bcl-6 gene rearrangement was similar to that of the germ-line group (70% v 75%). High frequency of bcl-6 gene hypermutations was found in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the stomach and they were independent of rearrangement of the gene as detected by Southern analysis. Unlike gene rearrangement, hypermutations of the bcl-6 gene did not appear to carry any prognostic significance clinically.