Recently, a tumour susceptibility gene, TSG101, has been identified at chromosome 11p15. A large intragenic deletion of this gene has been demonstrated in primary breast tumours. To evaluate the role of the TSG101 gene in leukaemia, bone marrow and/or peripheral blood from 68 acute myeloid leukaemia patients, five haemopoietic cell lines (HL60, U937, Raji, KG-1, K562) and 30 normal controls were analysed by reverse transcription of the TSG101 mRNA, followed by PCR amplification and sequencing of the products. The results showed aberrant TSG101 transcripts in 24/68 (35%) acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients, all of the cell lines (100%) and 3/30 (10%) normal controls. Our study indicated that the abnormal transcripts may have resulted from aberrant RNA splicing as evidenced by these aberrant transcripts. Also, normal full-length transcripts were present in all specimens examined. The aberrant transcript occurred more frequently in the AML and cell lines. However, because aberrant transcripts of TSG101 were also found in the normal controls, the role of TSG101 as a tumour suppressor gene should be evaluated carefully.