Treatment of patients with angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinaemia (AILD) often constitutes a challenge for the clinical haematologist. Single- agent and combination chemotherapy have failed to increase the response rate or survival of patients with AILD. A total of seven patients with refractory or relapsed AILD were treated with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) for variable number of cycles. The overall response rate was 57% with two patients (28.5%) achieving complete and sustained response. 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine appears to be an active agent for patients with previously treated AILD. Phase II studies evaluating the efficacy of this agent as front-line treatment for AILD are justified, especially in the absence of any effective therapy for this disorder.