• 1
    Ascari, E., Balduini, C., Cazzola, M. & Invernizzi, R. (1997) Le Sindromi Mielodisplastiche. Luigi Pozzi Ed. Roma.
  • 2
    Barosi, G., Ambrosetti, A., Centra, A., Falcone, A., Finelli, C., Foa, P., Grossi, A., Guarnone, R., Leoni, P., Luciano, L., Petti, M.C., Pogliani, E., Russo, D., Ruggeri, M. & Quaglini, S., for the ICSG on MMM (Italian Cooperative Study Group on Myelofibrosis with Myeloid Metaplasia) (1998) Splenectomy and risk of blast transformation in myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia. Blood, 91, 36303636.
  • 3
    Barosi, G., Baraldi, A., Cazzola, M., Spriano, P. & Magrini, U. (1983) Red cell aplasia in myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia: a distinct functional and clinical entity. Cancer, 52, 12901296.
  • 4
    Barosi, G., Berzuini, C., Liberato, L.N., Costa, A., Polino, G. & Ascari, E. (1988) A prognostic classification of myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia. British Journal of Haematology, 70, 397401.
  • 5
    Barosi, G., Buratti, A., Costa, A., Liberato, N.L., Balduini, C., Cazzola, M., Rosti, V., Magrini, U. & Ascari, E. (1991) An atypical myeloproliferative disorder with high thrombotic risk and slow disease progression. Cancer, 68, 23102318.
  • 6
    Bennett, J.M., Catovsky, D., Daniel, M.T., Flandrin, G., Galton, D.A.G., Gralnick, H.R. & Sultan, C. (1982) Proposal for the classification of the myelodysplastic syndromes. British Journal of Haematology, 51, 189199.
  • 7
    Bennett, J.M., Catovsky, D., Daniel, M.T., Flandrin, G., Galton, D.A.G., Gralnick, H., Sultan, C. & Cox, C. (1994) The chronic myeloid leukaemias: guidelines for distinguishing chronic granulocytic, atypical chronic myeloid, and chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia: proposal by the French–American–British Cooperative Leukaemia Group. British Journal of Haematology, 87, 746754.
  • 8
    Bentley, S.A., Murray, K.H., Lewis, S.M. & Roberts, P.D. (1977) Erythroid hypoplasia in myelofibrosis: a feature associated with blastic transformation. British Journal of Haematology, 36, 4147.
  • 9
    Berlin, M.I. (1975) Diagnosis and classification of the polycythemias. Seminars in Hematology, 12, 339351.
  • 10
    Bilgrami, S. & Greenberg, B.R. (1995) Polycythemia rubra vera. Seminars in Oncology, 22, 307326.
  • 11
    Cheng, D.S. (1979) Idiopathic myelofibrosis without splenomegaly. Cancer, 43, 17611765.
  • 12
    Delbecq, A.L., Van De Ven, A.H. & Gustafson, D.H. (1975) Group Techniques for Program Planning: a Guide to Nominal Group and Delphi Processes. Scott, Foresman and Co., Glenview, Ill.
  • 13
    Dupriez, B., Morel, P., Demory, J.L., Lai, J.L., Simon, M., Plantier, I. & Bauters, F. (1996) Prognostic factors in agnogenic myeloid metaplasia: a report on 195 cases with a new scoring system. Blood, 88, 10131018.
  • 14
    Ellis, J.T., Peterson, P., Geller, S.A. & Rappaport, H. (1986) Studies of the bone marrow in polycythemia vera and the evolution of myelofibrosis and second hematologic malignancies. Seminars in Hematology, 23, 144155.
  • 15
    Fenaux, P., Jouet, J.P., Zandecki, M., Lai, J.L., Simon, M., Pollet, J.P. & Bauters, F. (1987) Chronic and subacute myelomonocytic leukemia in the adult: a report of 60 cases with special reference to prognostic factors. British Journal of Haematology, 65, 101106.
  • 16
    Georgii, A., Vykoupil, K.F., Buhr, T., Chortitz, H., Doler, U., Kaloutsi, V. & Werner, M. (1990) Chronic myeloproliferative disorders in bone marrow biopsies. Pathology Research and Practice, 186, 327.
  • 17
    Greenberg, P., Cox, C., LeBeau, M.M., Fenaux, P., Morel, P., Sanz, G., Sanz, M., Vallespi, T., Hamblin, T., Oscier, D., Ohyashoki, K., Toyama, K., Aul, C., Mufti, G. & Bennet, J. (1997) International scoring system for evaluating prognosis in myelodysplstic syndromes. Blood, 89, 20792088.
  • 18
    Kouides, P.A. & Bennet, J.M. (1996) Morphology and classification of the myelodysplastic syndromes and their pathologic variants. Seminars in Hematology, 33, 95110.
  • 19
    Krauss, S. (1966) Chronic myelocytic leukemia with features simulating myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia. Cancer, 19, 13211332.
  • 20
    Krishnan, K. & Seldon, S. (1996) A new translocation, t(3;6)(q12;24) associated with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and marrow fibrosis. Clinical and Laboratory Haematology, 18, 4749.
  • 21
    Kvasnicka, H.M., Thiele, J., Werden, C., Zankovich, R., Diehl, V. & Fischer, R. (1997) Prognostic factors in idiopathic (primary) osteomyelofibrosis. Cancer, 80, 708719.
  • 22
    Laszlo, J. (1975) Myeloproliferative disorders (MPD): myelofibrosis, myelosclerosis, extramedullary hematopoiesis, undifferentiated MPD, and hemorrhagic thrombocythemia. Seminars in Hematology, 2, 409432.
  • 23
    Maschek, H., Georgii, A., Kaloutsi, V., Werner, M., Bandecar, K., Kressel, M.G., Choritz, H., Freund, M. & Hufnagl, D. (1992) Myelofibrosis in primary myelodysplastic syndromes: a retrospective study of 352 patients. European Journal of Haematology, 48, 208214.
  • 24
    Maynadie, M., Verret, C., Moskovtchenko, P., Mueneret, F., Petrella, T., Caillot, D. & Carli, P.M. (1996) Epidemiological characteristics of myelodysplastic syndrome in a well-defined French population. British Journal of Cancer, 74, 288290.
  • 25
    Murphy, S., Iland, H., Rosenthal, D. & Laszlo, J. (1986) Essential thrombocythemia: an interim report from the Polycythemia Vera Study Group. Seminars in Hematology, 23, 177182.
  • 26
    Neuwirtova, R., Mocikova, K., Musilova, J., Jelinek, J., Havlicek, F., Michalova, K. & Adamkov, M. (1996) Mixed myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative syndromes. Leukemia Research, 20, 717726.DOI: 10.1016/0145-2126(96)00028-8
  • 27
    Niemeyer, C.M., Arico, M., Basso, G., Biondi, A., Cantù Rajnoldi, A., Creutzig, U., Haas, O., Harbott, J., Hasle, H., Kerndrup, G., Locatelli, F., Mann, G., Stollmann-Gibbels, B., Van'T Veer-Korthof, E.T., Van Wering, E., Zimmermann, M., and Members of the European Working Group on Myelodysplastic Syndromes in Childhood (EWOG-MDS) (1997) Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia in childhood: a retrospective analysis of 110 cases. Blood, 10, 35343543.
  • 28
    Pagliuca, A., Layton, D.M., Manoharan, A., Gordon, S., Green, P.J. & Mufti, G.J. (1989) Myelofibrosis in primary myelodysplastic syndromes: a clinico-morphological study in 10 cases. British Journal of Haematology, 71, 499504.
  • 29
    Pettit, J.E., Lewis, S.M. & Nicholas, A.W. (1976) Transitional myeloproliferative disorders. British Journal of Haematology, 43, 167184.
  • 30
    Polino, G., Barosi, G., Berzuini, A., Castelli, G., Isernia, P., Palestra, P., Riccardi, A., Rossi, F. & Magrini, U. (1986) Fatty bone marrow with severe myeloid hypoplasia in idiopathic myelofibrosis. Haematologica, 71, 117121.
  • 31
    Rupoli, S., Da Lio, L., Sisiti, S., Campanati, G., Salvi, A., Brianzoni, M.F., D'Amico, S., Ciciripini, A. & Leoni, P. (1994) Primary myelofibrosis: a detailed statistical analysis of the clinicopathological variables influencing survival. Annals of Hematology, 68, 205212.
  • 32
    Storniolo, A.M., Moloney, W.C., Rosenthal, D.S., Cox, C. & Bennet, J.M. (1990) Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Leukemia, 4, 766770.
  • 33
    Tefferi, A., Silverstein, M.N. & Hoagland, H.C. (1995a) Primary thrombocythemia. Seminars in Oncology, 22, 334340.
  • 34
    Tefferi, A., Silverstein, M.N. & Noel, P. (1995b) Agnogenic myeloid metaplasia. Seminars in Oncology, 22, 327333.
  • 35
    Thiele, J., Kvasnicka, H.M., Werden, C., Zankovich, R., Diehl, V. & Fisher, R. (1996) Idiopathic primary osteo-myelofibrosis: a clinico-pathological study on 208 patients with special emphasis on evolution of disease features, differentiation from essential thrombocythemia and variables of prognostic impact. Leukemia and Lymphoma, 22, 303317.
  • 36
    Thiele, J., Wagner, S., Degel, C., Dienemann, D., Wienhold, S., Zankovich, R., Fischer, R. & Stein, H. (1990) Megakaryocyte precursors (pro- and megakaryoblasts) in bone marrow tissue from patients with reactive thrombocytosis, polycythemia vera and primary (essential) thrombocythemia;. Virchows Archiv B, Cell Pathology including Molecular Pathology, 58, 295302.
  • 37
    Verhoef, G.E., De Wolf-Peeters, C., Ferrant, A., Deprez, S., Meeus, P., Stul, M., Zachee, P., Cassiman, J.J., Van den Berghe, H. & Boogaerts, M.A. (1991) Myelodysplastic syndromes with bone marrow fibrosis: a myelodysplastic disorder with proliferative features. Annals of Hematology, 63, 235241.
  • 38
    Visani, G., Finelli, C., Castelli, U., Petti, M.C., Ricci, P., Vianelli, N., Gianni, L., Zuffa, E., Aloe Spiriti, M.A., Latagliata, R., Pileri, S., Magrini, U., Gugliotta, L., Morra, E., Bernasconi, C., Mandelli, F. & Tura, S. (1990) Myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia: clinical and haematological parameters predicting survival in a series of 133 patients. British Journal of Haematology, 75, 49.
  • 39
    White, L.J. & Ball, J.R. (1985) The clinical efficacy assessment project of the American College of Physicians. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 1, 169185.