• thrombophilia;
  • factor V;
  • protein C;
  • thrombosis;
  • coagulation

The factor V (FV) Arg 506 to Gln mutation is the most common abnormality observed in familial thrombophilia. Many studies have shown that its clinical expression differs among families and among carriers. Some thrombotic patients carry an additional genetic risk factor such as protein C, protein S or antithrombin deficiency. We sought to identify other genetic risk factors potentially favouring expression of the thrombotic phenotype in 370 members of 43 families with the FV Arg 506 to Gln mutation. We analysed three candidate polymorphisms in genes involved in the PC anticoagulant pathway, consisting of two polymorphic sites in the 5′ non-transcribed region of the PC gene, −1654 C/T and −1641 A/G, with three known combinations (TA, CA and CG) that influence the protein C plasma level; one polymorphic site (4070 A/G) in exon 13 of the FV gene, which influences the plasma factor V concentration, and one polymorphic site (677 C/T) in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene, which is often associated with moderate hyperhomocysteinaemia. The distribution of these different polymorphisms was similar in patients with a history of thrombosis and those who remained asymptomatic, ruling out the possibility that each of these polymorphisms alone can play a role in the onset of thrombosis in carriers of the FV Arg 506 to Gln mutation.