• p107;
  • dendritic cell;
  • retinoblastoma protein;
  • cell cycle;
  • E2F transcription factors

A member of the retinoblastoma family of cell cycle regulatory proteins, p107, is not normally expressed in non-cycling cells. We demonstrate here that p107 is expressed in monocytes as they differentiate into dendritic cells under the influence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interleukin 4, a process shown not to involve cellular proliferation. We show that p107 is localized to the nucleus of these cells and is active, in that it binds an E2F-DNA binding site, together with E2F transcription factors. These findings suggest a hitherto unknown role for p107 in non-proliferating dendritic cells that warrants further investigation.