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Keywords:

  • factor V deficiency;
  • factor V gene;
  • nonsense mutation;
  • mRNA degradation

A novel homozygous 3571C[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]T nonsense mutation predicting the synthesis of a truncated factor V (FV) molecule was identified in exon 13 of the human coagulation factor V gene in two unrelated Italian probands with undetectable plasma levels of FV antigen and activity. Both patients were also homozygous for the FV Leiden mutation. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction studies showed strongly reduced mRNA levels of the mutant FV allele and FV heavy and light chains were not measurable in the plasma of the probands and reverse transcriptase. Haplotype analysis indicated that the nonsense mutation in both families had a common founder a long time ago.