SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adams, S. (1996) Caring for the pregnant woman with sickle cell crisis. Professional Care of Mother and Child, 6, 3436.
  • Alleyne, J. & Thomas, V.J. (1994) The management of sickle cell crisis pain as experienced by patients and their carers. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 19, 500506.
  • Allon, M., Lawson, L., Eckman, J.R., Delaney, V. & Bourke, E. (1988) Effects of nonsteroidal drugs on renal function in sickle cell anaemia. Kidney International, 34, 500506.
  • American Pain Society (1993) Principles of Analgesic Use in the Treatment of Acute Pain and Cancer Pain, 3rd edn. American Pain Society, Stokie, IL.
  • American Pain Society (1999a) Guideline for the Management of Acute and Chronic Pain in Sickle Cell Disease. American Pain Society, Glenview, IL.
  • American Pain Society (1999b) Principles of Analgesic Use in the Management of Acute Pain and Cancer Pain. American Pain Society, Evanston, IL.
  • Anie, K.A. & Green, J. (2002) Psychological therapies for sickle cell disease and pain (Cochrane Review). The Cochrane Library, Issue 4. Update Software, Oxford.
  • Anionwu, E.N. (1996) Sickle cell and thalassaemia: some priorities for nursing research. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 6, 853856.
  • Anionwu, E.N. & Atkin, K. (2001) The Politics of Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia. Open University Press, Buckinghamshire, UK.
  • Anonymous (2001) Acute complications of sickle cell disease in children. Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin, 39, 3337.
  • Ballas, S.K. (1998) Sickle Cell Pain. IASP Press, Seattle.
  • Bellet, P.S., Kalinyak, K.A., Shukla, R., Gelfand, M.J. & Rucknagel, D.L. (1995) Incentive spirometry to prevent acute pulmonary complications in sickle cell diseases. New England Journal of Medicine, 333, 699703.
  • Benjamin, L.J., Swinson, G.I. & Nagel, R.L. (2000) Sickle cell anemia day hospital: an approach for the management of uncomplicated painful crises. Blood, 95, 11301136.
  • Charache, S., Terrin, M.L., Moore, R.D., Dover, G.J., Barton, F.B., Eckert, S.V., McMahon, R.P. & Bonds, D.R. (1995) Effect of hydroxyurea on the frequency of painful crises in sickle cell anemia. New England Journal of Medicine, 332, 13171322.
  • Clare, N. (1998) Management would improve if doctors listened more to patients. Lancet, 316, 935.
  • Fertleman, C.R., Gallagher, A. & Rossiter, M.A. (1997) Evaluation of fast track admission policy for children with sickle cell crises: questionnaire survey of parents' preferences. British Medical Journal, 315, 650.
  • Gillis, J. & Brogden, R. (1997) Ketorolac. A reappraisal of its pharmacodynamic properties and therapeutic use in pain management. Drugs, 53, 139188.
  • Gonzalez, E.R., Bahal, N., Hansen, L.A., Ware, D., Bull, D.S., Ornato, J.P. & Lehman, M.E. (1991) Intermittent injection vs patient-controlled analgesia for sickle cell crisis pain. Comparisons in patients in the emergency department. Archives of Internal Medicine, 151, 13731378.
  • Griffin, T.C., McIntire, D. & Buchanan, G.R. (1994) High dose intravenous methylprednisolone for pain in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease. New England Journal of Medicine, 330, 733737.
  • Hardwick, Jr, W., Givens, T., Monroe, K., King, W. & Lawley, D. (1999) Effect of ketorolac in pediatric sickle cell vaso-occlusive pain. Pediatric Emergency Care, 15, 179182.
  • Holbrook, C.T. (1990) Patient-controlled analgesia pain management for children with sickle cell disease. Journal of the Association of Academic Minor Physicians, 1, 9396.
  • Homi, J., Levee, L., Higgs, D., Thomas, P. & Serjeant, G. (1997) Pulse oximetry in a cohort study of sickle cell disease. Clinical Laboratory Haematology, 19, 1722.
  • Jacobson, S.J., Kopecky, B.A., Joshi, P. & Babul, N. (1997) Randomized trial of oral morphine for painful episodes of sickle-cell disease in children. Lancet, 350, 13581361.
  • Keitel, H.G., Thompson, D. & Itano, H.A. (1956) Hyposthenuria in sickle cell anaemia: a reversible renal defect. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 39, 9981007.
  • Leikin, S.L., Gallagher, D., Kinney, T.R., Sloane, D., Klug, P. & Rida, W. (1989) Mortality in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease. Pediatrics, 84, 500508.
  • McPherson, E., Perlin, E., Finke, H., Castro, O. & Pittman, J. (1990) Patient-controlled analgesia in patients with sickle cell vaso-occlusive crisis. American Journal of Medical Science, 299, 1012.
  • Mehta, P., Bareford, D., Wright, C. & Wright, J. (2002) High complication rate of central lines in SCD. British Journal of Haematology, 117, 9a.
  • Ogundipe, O., Pearson, M.W., Slater, N.G., Adepegba, T. & Westerdale, N. (1999) Sickle cell disease and nitrous-oxide induced neuropathy. Clinical and Laboratory Haematology, 21, 409412.
  • Oni, L. (1998) Sickle cell disease and the carer–client relationship. Nursing Times, 94, 6465.
  • Pegelow, C.H. (1992) Survey of pain management therapy provided for children with sickle cell disease. Clinical Pediatrics, 31, 211214.
  • Perlin, E., Finke, H., Castro, O., Rana, S., Pittman, J., Burt, R., Ruff, C. & McHugh, D. (1994) Enhancement of pain control with ketorolac in patients with occlusive crisis. American Journal of Hematology, 46, 4347.
  • Platt, O., Brambilla, D., Rosse, W., Milner, P., Castro, O., Steinberg, M. & Klug, P. (1994) Mortality in sickle cell disease: life expectancy and risk factors for early death. New England Journal of Medicine, 330, 16391644.
  • Robieux, I.C., Kellner, J.D. & Coppes, M.J. (1992) Analgesia in children with sickle cell crisis: comparison of intermittent opioids vs. continuous infusion of morphine and placebo controlled study of oxygen inhalation. Paediatric Haematology and Oncology, 9, 317326.
  • Rosa, R.M., Bierer, B.E., Thomas, R., Stoff, J.S., Kruskall, M., Robinson, J., Bunn, H.F. & Epstein, F.H. (1980) A study of induced hyponatraemia in the prevention and treatment of sickle cell crisis. New England Journal of Medicine, 303, 11381143.
  • Rosa, R.M., Bierer, B.E., Bunn, H.F. & Epstein, F.H. (1982) The treatment of sickle cell anemia with induced hyponatremia. Blood Cells, 8, 329335.
  • Shapiro, B.S., Cohen, D.E. & Howe, C.J. (1993) Patient-controlled analgesia for sickle-cell-related pain. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 8, 2228.
  • Streetly, A., Maxwell, K. & Mejia, A. (1997) Sickle cell disorders in Greater London: a needs assessment of screening and care services. The Fair Shares for London Report Department of Public Health Medicine, UMDS and St Thomas' Hospital, London.
  • Thomas, V.J., Gruen, R. & Shu, S. (2001) Cognitive-behavioural therapy for the management of sickle cell disease pain: identification and assessment of costs. Ethnicity and Health, 6, 5967.
  • Trentadue, N.O., Kachoyeanos, M.K. & Lea, G. (1998) A comparison of two regimens of patient-controlled analgesia for children with sickle cell disease. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 13, 1519.
  • Vichinsky, E.P., Earles, A., Johnson, R.A., Hoag, M.S., Williams, A. & Lubin, B. (1990) Alloimmunization in sickle cell anemia and transfusion of racially unmatched blood. New England Journal of Medicine, 322, 16171621.
  • Vichinsky, E.P., Styles, L.A., Colangelo, L.H., Wright, E.C., Castro, O. & Nickerson, B. (1997) Acute chest syndrome in sickle cell disease: clinical presentation and course. Blood, 89, 17871792.
  • Ware, M.A., Hambleton, I., Ochaya, I. & Serjeant, G.R. (1999) Day care management of sickle cell painful crisis in Jamaica: a model applicable elsewhere? British Journal of Haematology, 104, 9396.
  • Wright, J.G., Malia, R., Cooper, P., Thomas, P., Preston, F.E. & Serjeant, G.R. (1997) Protein C and protein S in homozygous sickle cell disease: does hepatic dysfunction contribute to low levels? British Journal of Haematology, 98, 627631.
  • Zipursky, A., Robieux, I.C., Brown, E.J., Shaw, D., O'Brodovich, H., Kellner, J.D., Coppes, M.J., Koren, G. & Olivieri, N.F. (1992) Oxygen therapy in sickle cell disease. American Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, 14, 222228.