Tandem high-dose therapy (HDT) for multiple myeloma: recombinant human erythropoietin therapy given between first and second HDT allows second peripheral blood stem cell transplantation without red blood cell transfusion

Authors


Yves Beguin, University of Liège, Department of Haematology, CHU Sart Tilman, 4000 Liège, Belgium. E-mail: yves.beguin@chu.ulg.ac.be

Abstract

Summary. We evaluated the ability of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) therapy, given before high-dose therapy (HDT), to allow autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) without red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. Eleven multiple myeloma patients underwent tandem HDT and autologous PBSC, receiving 500 U/kg/week rHuEpo from d 30 after initial transplant. Haemoglobin levels were 9·5 ± 1·1 g/dl and 12·5 ± 0·9 g/dl at the first and second transplant respectively (P < 0·001). RBC transfusions were required for 10/11 patients for the first transplant versus 1/11 for the second (P < 0·001). To conclude, a short course of rHuEpo therapy before HDT facilitates the performance of an autologous transplant without RBC transfusions.

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