J ileal pouch–anal anastomosis for chronic ulcerative colitis: complications and long-term outcome in 1310 patients
Article first published online: 13 JAN 2003
© 1998 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd
British Journal of Surgery
Volume 85, Issue 6, pages 800–803, June 1998
How to Cite
Meagher, A. P., Farouk, R., Dozois, R. R., Kelly, K. A. and Pemberton, J. H. (1998), J ileal pouch–anal anastomosis for chronic ulcerative colitis: complications and long-term outcome in 1310 patients. Br J Surg, 85: 800–803. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2168.1998.00689.x
- Issue published online: 13 JAN 2003
- Article first published online: 13 JAN 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 OCT 1997
The purpose of the study was to determine the risk of postoperative complications and the functional outcome after a hand-sewn ileal pouch–anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis using a single J-shaped pouch design.
Preoperative function, operative morbidity and long-term functional outcome were assessed prospectively in 1310 patients who underwent IPAA between 1981 and 1994 for ulcerative colitis.
Three patients died after operation. Postoperative pelvic sepsis rates decreased from 7 per cent in 1981–1985 to 3 per cent in 1991–1994 (P=0·02). After mean follow-up of 6·5 (range 2–15) years, the mean number of stools was 5 per day and 1 per night. Frequent daytime and night-time incontinence occurred in 7 and 12 per cent of patients respectively, and did not change over a 10-year period. The cumulative probability of suffering at least one episode of ‘clinical’ pouchitis was 18 and 48 per cent at 1 and 10 years and the cumulative probability of pouch failure at 1 and 10 years was 2 and 9 per cent respectively.
These results indicate that increased experience decreases the risk of pouch-related complications and that with time the functional results remain stable, but the failure rate increases. © 1998 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd