Third-degree obstetric perineal tear: long-term clinical and functional results after primary repair
Version of Record online: 13 JAN 2003
© 1998 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd
British Journal of Surgery
Volume 85, Issue 10, pages 1433–1438, October 1998
How to Cite
Poen, A. C., Felt-Bersma, R. J. F., Strijers, R. L. M., Dekker, G. A., Cuesta, M. A. and Meuwissen, S. G. M. (1998), Third-degree obstetric perineal tear: long-term clinical and functional results after primary repair. Br J Surg, 85: 1433–1438. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2168.1998.00858.x
- Issue online: 13 JAN 2003
- Version of Record online: 13 JAN 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 APR 1998
This study was designed to investigate the long-term clinical and anorectal functional results after primary repair of a third-degree obstetrical perineal rupture.
One hundred and fifty-six consecutive women who had a primary repair of a third-degree perineal rupture were sent a questionnaire and asked to undergo anorectal function testing (anal manometry, anorectal sensitivity, anal endosonography and pudendal nerve terminal motor latency (PNTML))
Some 117 women (75 per cent) responded. Anal incontinence was present in 47 women (40 per cent); however, in most cases only mild symptoms were present. In 40 women additional anorectal function tests were performed and compared with findings in normal controls. Mean(s.d.) maximum squeeze pressure (31(15) versus 63(17) mmHg, P<0·001) was decreased and first sensation to filling of the rectum (88(47) versus 66(33) ml, P = 0·03) and anal mucosal electrosensitivity (4·7(1·7) versus 2·5(0·8) mA, P = 0·003) were increased compared with values in normal controls. In 35 women (88 per cent) a sphincter defect was found with anal endosonography. Factors related to anal incontinence were the presence of a combined anal sphincter defect (relative risk (RR) 1·7 (95 per cent confidence interval (c.i.) 1·1–2·8)) or subsequent vaginal delivery (RR 1·6 (95 per cent c.i. 1·1–2·5)).
Anal incontinence prevails in 40 per cent of women 5 years after primary repair of a third-degree perineal rupture. The presence of a combined sphincter defect or subsequent vaginal delivery increase the risk of anal incontinence. © 1998 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd