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Abstract

Background

Liver resection for colorectal metastases is the only known treatment associated with long-term survival; extrahepatic disease is usually considered a contraindication to such treatment. However, some surgeons do not regard spread to the hepatic lymph nodes as a contraindication provided that these nodes can be excised adequately. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to address this issue.

Methods

An electronic search using Medline, Cancerlit and Embase databases was performed for studies reporting liver resection for colorectal metastases from 1964 to 1999. Data were extracted from papers reporting outcome for patients with positive hepatic nodes and analysed according to predetermined criteria.

Results

Fifteen studies were identified that gave survival data on 145 node-positive patients. Five patients were reported to have survived 5 years after liver resection; one was disease free, two had recurrent disease and the disease status was not described in the remaining two. Five studies containing 83 patients specified a formal lymph node dissection as part of the surgical procedure and four of the five node-positive 5-year survivors were from these studies.

Conclusion

There are few 5-year survivors after liver resection, with or without lymph node dissection, for colorectal hepatic metastases involving the hepatic lymph nodes. © 2000 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd