The important dust mite allergens identified to date are of molecular weights ranging from 14 to 60 kDa. Our previous protein study indicated that the 98-kDa native paramyosin in Dermatophagoides farinae mite showed IgE reactivity with 82% of the mite-sensitive asthmatic patients suggesting that it is a novel major mite allergen. This study described the isolation and characterization of the cDNA clone encoding the 98-kDa mite allergen.
A Dermatophagoides farinae cDNA library was constructed in lambda ZAPII vector and the library was immunoscreened with a monoclonal antibody 642. The cDNA insert was sub-cloned into M13 sequencing vector for single-stranded sequencing. The whole cDNA insert was expressed in pGEX-2T Escherichia coli expression system as a fusion protein with GST. The allergenicity of the recombinant peptides was tested by skin tests and IgE immunoassay. The IgE and IgG immunoassays were performed with sera from 20 mite-allergic patients.
The cDNA clone Df642 was 2134 bp long, coding for a polypeptide of 711 amino acid residues. Protein sequence analysis and alignment confirmed that the deduced polypeptide is a mite paramyosin which is truncated slightly at the N- and C-terminuses. In vivo skin tests and in vitro IgE-binding study showed that 62% (13/21) and 50% (10/20) of the mite-sensitive asthmatic patients reacted positively with the recombinant Dermatophagoides farinae paramyosin, respectively.
The study indicated that 98-kDa mite paramyosin is an important allergen.