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Keywords:

  • biopsy;
  • eosinophils;
  • immunohistochemistry;
  • Langerhans' cells;
  • mast cells;
  • nasal mucosa;
  • rhinitis;
  • T lymphocytes

Background

The effect of long-term topical nasal corticosteroid therapy on nasal inflammatory cells is unclear.

Objectives

To investigate the long-term effect of fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray (FPANS) on nasal mucosal inflammatory cells and efficacy in a 1-year study in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.

Methods

In a 1-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of duration we investigated the influence of a topical corticosteroid (FPANS), on Langerhans' cells (CD1a+ cells), T cells, mast cells, eosinophils and macrophages in nasal mucosa in 42 patients with perennial allergic rhinitis. Efficacy was evaluated by nasal symptom score.

Results

The FPANS group experienced significantly less sneezing and nasal itching compared with the placebo group. The total symptom score in the FPANS group declined significantly in comparison with baseline (P = 0.007) and placebo group (P = 0.009). After 1 year of active treatment, a significant decrease was seen in the epithelium in numbers of Langerhans' cells, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ cells, mast cells and eosinophils. In the lamina propria, there was a significant decrease in eosinophils.

Conclusion

These findings show that FPANS treatment results in a decrease of nasal inflammatory cells. Furthermore, the efficacy of FPANS improves after prolonged treatment.