The knowledge of IgE-binding epitopes on allergen molecules is important for better understanding allergen–antibody interactions and, thus, for developing new strategies for immunotherapy.
Our purpose was to more precisely define the number and structure of IgE-binding epitopes of a paradigmatic major grass pollen allergen.
We performed an IgE-binding epitope mapping of rHol l 5, a group V pollen allergen of velvet grass (Holcus lanatus), with overlapping fragments (length between 15 and 186 amino acids), which were expressed in E. coli as MBP fusion proteins. Using sera of 65 grass pollen allergic patients, the fragments were analysed by immunoblotting for IgE reactivity. Specificity of antibody binding was confirmed by competitive blot inhibition assays.
At least four different continuous IgE-binding epitopes were identified on small fragments (about 30 amino acids), and at least five different discontinuous IgE-binding epitopes on larger fragments, which were destroyed by further fragmentation. The fragments were differentially recognized by individual patients' sera. By investigating IgE-binding to one of the small fragments in more detail, we found further epitope regions on this fragment. It was noteworthy that IgE reactivity to small fragments was weak compared to large fragments or to the complete molecule. Competitive blot inhibition experiments showed that binding of IgE antibodies to the small fragments was specific but with lower avidity than to the complete rHol l 5.
rHol l 5 harbours multiple discontinuous as well as continuous IgE-binding epitopes spread over the whole molecule, which were individually recognized by IgE antibodies from different patients. Low avidity of IgE antibodies to small fragments suggests that the continuous epitope regions do not represent the complete epitope and are most probably parts of discontinuous epitopes.
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