Background IL-10 exhibits anti-inflammatory effects on activated rodent mast cells (MC) in vitro and inhibits allergen-induced airway inflammation in vivo in murine models. The effects of IL-10 on the allergic activation of human MC are presently unknown.
Objective In light of the well-known heterogeneity of mast cell reactivity between animal species, one cannot readily predict the response of human MC to IL-10. Moreover, the impact of IL-10 on MC-derived proinflammatory mediators is still unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of IL-10 on the release of inflammatory mediators by IgE/anti-IgE-challenged human cord blood-derived mast cells (CBMC), used as an in vitro model of MC phenotypically similar to human lung MC.
Materials and methods Highly purified human MC were obtained by a first step of long-term culture of cord blood mononuclear cells in the presence of human recombinant stem cell factor (rhSCF) and of human recombinant IL-6 (rhIL-6), followed by a second step of purification by depletion of contaminating cells with an immunomagnetic method. The cells were treated with human IgE, then challenged with anti-human IgE, in the presence or the absence of recombinant rhIL-10 used at various concentrations. Histamine, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-5 and IL-8 were measured in the various supernatants collected at different times after the beginning of the challenge.
Results IL-10 inhibited the release of TNF-α and of IL-8, but not of IL-5, by activated CBMC. Interestingly, IL-10 also inhibited the release of histamine by activated CBMC, contrasting with data reported for rodent MC.
Conclusions These findings suggest that IL-10 might have anti-inflammatory effects on IgE/anti-IgE-challenged human MC by inhibiting their release of TNF-α, IL-8 and histamine. These data provide new insights into the control of human mast cell activation and might lead to a better knowledge of the cellular mechanisms controlling allergic reactions.