The aim of this study was to identify the epitopes recognized by antibodies to the asialoglycoprotein receptor, a specific hepatocyte protein, from sera of patients with autoimmune hepatitis. An ELISA test was used to detect anti-asialoglycoprotein receptor antibodies in the sera of patients with autoimmune hepatitis. Positive sera were tested against the same antigen by slot blot, by Western blot and by immunoprecipitation of the untreated protein and following treatment with β-mercaptoethanol (β-ME) and endoglycosidase F. The mature, unglycosylated and partially glycosylated forms of the asialoglycoprotein receptor synthesized by HepG2 cells were tested against positive patients' sera, as well as the in vitro translated unglycosylated form of the H1 subunit of the receptor. Sera from patients with autoimmune hepatitis recognized equally the native form, as well as the β-ME-modified form, but less well the deglycosylated form of the human mature receptor. No reactivity was found when these sera were tested against the denatured human protein. In addition, neither the unglycosylated H1 subunit nor any of the HepG2-synthesized asialoglycoprotein receptor forms bound to the antibodies. Altogether, these results show that anti-asialoglycoprotein receptor antibodies in the sera of patients with autoimmune hepatitis are directed against conformational structures of the mature hetero-oligomeric form of the human liver protein and that at least some epitopes were located on the extracellular domain of the antigen.